Paolo Carozza is the director of the Kellogg Institute for International Studies and professor of law and concurrent professor of political science at the University of Notre Dame. With expertise in comparative constitutional law, human rights, law and development, and international law, he focuses his research on Latin America, Western Europe, and international themes more broadly.

His current research revolves around the relationships between law, human rights, education, and integral human development. Formerly the director of Notre Dame’s Center for Civil and Human Rights, he directed its doctoral program in international human rights law for a decade.

Widely published, Carozza’s most recent books include Italian Constitutional Justice in Global Context (with Vittoria Barsotti, Marta Cartabia, and Andrea Simoncini) (Oxford University Press, 2016), Comparative Legal Traditions (with Mary Ann Glendon and Colin B. Picker) (4th ed., West Academic Publishing, 2014), and Regional Protection of Human Rights (with Dinah L. Shelton) (2nd ed., Oxford University Press, 2013). His numerous articles, published in four languages, have focused primarily on foundational principles of human rights law, such as human dignity, democracy, and subsidiarity.

A member of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (2006–10), Carozza served as its president in 2008–09. In 2012, he received the Order of Merit of Bernardo O’Higgins, Chile’s highest state honor awarded to foreign citizens, in recognition of his service to the Inter-American human rights system.  He has served the Holy See in various capacities and was appointed by Pope Francis in 2016 to be a member of the Pontifical Academy of Social Sciences.

Carozza has been a visiting professor at universities in the United States, Europe, and Latin America, including as the John Harvey Gregory Lecturer on World Organization at Harvard Law School and twice as a Fulbright senior scholar. He holds an AB from Harvard University and a JD from Harvard Law School and was a postgraduate Ford Foundation Fellow in Public International Law at Harvard Law School.

Thematic Interests

Comparative constitutional law; human rights; law and human development; international law; European and Latin American legal traditions

Current Research

His current research revolves around the relationships between law, human rights, education, and integral human development.


Journal Articles

"The Problematic Applicability of Subsidiarity to International Law,” American Journal of Jurisprudence 61, 1 (2016)
"The Universal Common Good and the Authority of International Law,” Logos: A Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture 8, 1 (2006)
"From Conquest to Constitutions: Retrieving a Latin American Tradition of the Idea of Human Rights,” Human Rights Quarterly 25 (2003)
"Subsidiarity as a Structural Principle of International Human Rights Law,” American Journal of International Law 97 (2003)

Book Chapters

"Esboços históricos de uma tradição latino-americana da ideia de direitos humanos,” in Narciso Leandro Xavier Baez and Douglass Cassel, eds., A Realização e a Proteção Internacional dos Direitos Humanos Fundamentais - Desafios do Século XXI (Editora Unoesc, 2011)
"Human Dignity in Constitutional Adjudication,” in Tom Ginsburg and Rosalind Dixon, eds., Comparative Constitutional Law (Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd., 2011)
"La perspectiva histórica del aporte latinoamericano al concepto de los derechos económicos, sociales y culturales,” in Alicia Yamin ed., Derechos Económicos, Sociales y Culturales en América Latina: Del Invento a la Herramienta (Centro Internacional de Investigaciones para el Desarrollo, 2006)



“I diritti umani, l'«arte» della democrazia e il «gusto per la libertà locale»,” in Marta Cartabia and Andrea Simoncini, eds.,  La Sostenibilità Della Democrazia Nel XXI Secolo (Il Mulino, 2009)
"Il traffico dei diritti umani nell’età postmoderna,” in Luca Antonini ed., Il traffico dei diritti insaziabili (Rubbettino Editore, 2007)
Other Accomplishments & Recognitions

Reinhold Niebuhr Award - 2019


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