University of Notre Dame
Hesburgh Center/Kellogg Institute Hesburgh Center/Kellogg Institute Hesburgh Center/Kellogg Institute Hesburgh Center/Kellogg Institute Hesburgh Center/Kellogg Institute Hesburgh Center/Kellogg Institute

George A. LopezGeorge A. Lopez

Rev. Theodore M. Hesburgh, CSC, Professor of Peace Studies Emeritus
Professor of Political Science Emeritus
(PhD, Syracuse University, 1975)
332 Hesburgh Center

Geographic focus: Latin America; global

Thematic interests: Economic sanctions; human rights; conflict resolution.

Current research: Multilateral economic sanctions; state terrorism and gross violations of human rights; and peace research and studies.

Selected publications

  • “Economic Sanctions,” in Thomas G. Weiss and Sam Daws, eds., The Oxford Handbook on the United Nations, 2nd ed. (Oxford University Press, forthcoming)

  • “The Future of Mediation in a Changing World” in Alexia Georgakopoulos, ed., The Handbook of Mediation: Theory, Research and Practice (Routledge, 2016)

  • “The Interdependencies of Practice and Scholarship,” with John Paul Lederach, for special issue (coedited by Lopez), International Journal of Conflict Engagement and Resolution 4, 1 (2016)

  • “Targeted Sanctions,” in Michael Dziedzic, ed., Combating Criminalized Power Structures: A Toolkit (Rowman & Littlefield, 2016)

  • “Sanctions Design and Security Council Dynamics,” with Michael Brzoska, in Thomas J.
    Biersteker, Sue Eckert, and Marcos Tourinho, eds., Targeted Sanctions: The Impacts and Effectiveness of United Nations Action (Cambridge University Press, 2016)

  • “Mobilizing Economic Sanctions for Preventing Mass Atrocities: From Targeting Dictators to
    Enablers,” in Shari P. Rosenberg, Tibi Galis and Alex Zucker, eds., New Approaches to Preventing Genocide (Cambridge University Press, 2016)

  • “Friend, Not Foe: The Role of Civil Society in Preventing Violent Extremism” (with David Cortright, et al.), Notre Dame Journal of International and Comparative Law 2, 1 (2012)

  • “In Defense of Smart Sanctions,” Ethics & International Affairs 26, 1 (2012)

  • “Sanctions as Alternatives to War,” in Christopher J. Coyne and Rachel L. Mathers, eds., The Handbook on the Political Economy of War (Edward Elgar, 2011)

  • Putting Teeth in the Tiger: Improving the Effectiveness of Arms Embargoes, editor and contributor with Michael Brzoska (Emerald Press, 2009)

  • Uniting Against Terror, coeditor with David Cortright (MIT Press, 2007)

  • Articles in Chitty's Law Journal, Human Rights Quarterly, The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, International Studies Quarterly, Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, The International Journal of Human Rights, the Journal of International Affairs, The Annals and The Journal of Peace Research

Policy Reports

  • “Sharpening Targeted Sanctions for Dealing With Violent Kleptocracies: Case Lessons and Future Strategies” (The Sentry, forthcoming)

  • “The Utility of Related International Organizations and Law Enforcement Institutions for the work of UN Sanctions Monitors,” in Enrico Carisch and Loraine Rickard-Martin,  Sanctions on

  • North Korea (DPRK) and Iran: How to Comply with the United Nations Non-Proliferation Regimes—A Practitioner's Handbook  (Compliance and Capacity Skills International, LLC., 2016)

  • Dealing with ‘Enablers’ in Mass Atrocities: A New Human Rights Concept Takes Shape,” Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs  (June 26, 2012)

Policy and Public Service

  • “Public Consultation on the United Kingdom’s Future Legal Framework for Imposing and Implementing Sanctions,” expert testimony. Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Her Majesty’s Treasury Department for International Trade (June 13, 2017)

  • Standing Senate Committee for Foreign Affairs and International Trade, video testimony. Government of Canada, BILL S-219 An Act to deter Iran-sponsored terrorism, incitement to hatred, and human rights violations (March 1, 2017)

  • Sanctions and Illicit Networks Group, member of Board of Experts (June 2016–present)

  • Not On Our Watch,” The Enough Project and The Sentry, senior advisor, Washington, DC (November 2016–present)

  • Canadian House of Commons Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Development expert witness (video appearance) on

  • "Special Economic Measures Act and the Freezing of Assets of Corrupt Foreign Officials Act." Written and oral testimony: “Assessing Sanctions Impact on Mass Atrocities and Human Rights Abuses” (October 31, 2016)

  • “Approaches, Challenges and Strategies in Peace Studies and Peacebuilding After War,” keynote, 5th Anniversary Conference of the Master’s Program in Peace and Social Work, University of Cartagena, Colombia (September 8, 2016)

  • United Nations University (Tokyo) research project, “The Sanctions Enterprise: Assessing a Quarter-Century of UN Action for Peace, Security and Human Rights,” codirector (August 2015–October 2017)

  • Academy for International Conflict Management and Peacebuilding, United States Institute of Peace, vice-president and director (2013–2015)

  • United Nations Panel of Experts for monitoring and implementing UN Sanctions on North Korea (October 2010–mid July 2011)

  • United States Institute of Peace, Senior Jennings Randolph Fellow (2009–10)

Honors and Awards:

  • Distinguished Scholar Award, International Studies Association, Peace Studies Section, presented at ISA Annual Meeting, Baltimore, MD (February 2017)

  • MacArthur Foundation, 100&Change Competition judge (May–November, 2016)

Selected videos:




Ford Program

Varieties of Democracy

Latin American/North America Church Concerns

Notre Dame Award

Kellogg Faculty Fellows

Visiting Fellows Program

Faculty Research

Working Groups

Undergraduate Student Programs

Graduate Student Programs

International Development Studies Minor

Latin American Studies Minor

Institute Publications

Working Papers

K-12 Resources

Traveling Trunks

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