Policy and Practice Research Lab 

Notre Dame Reparations Design and Compliance

PI'sDiane Desierto (law and global affairs), Aníbal Pérez-Liñán (political science and global affairs)
Jointly with the Klau Institute for Civil and Human Rights

The Notre Dame Reparations Design and Compliance Lab focuses on the question: Under what conditions do states comply with orders of international tribunals in cases involving human rights?

Led by Faculty Fellows Diane Desierto, a professor of law and global affairs in the Law school, with a joint appointment in the Keough School for Global Affairs, and Kellogg Director Aníbal Pérez-Liñán, a professor of political science and global affairs who holds a joint appointment in the Department of Political Science and the Keough School, the lab develops and tests methodologies to assess state compliance with reparative orders of international adjudication bodies, such as the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and the World Bank Inspection Panel. The project will draw on quantitative and qualitative tools in political science and law to integrate teaching, research, and outreach.

The Reparations Lab (RL) is jointly funded by Kellogg and the Klau Institute for Civil and Human Rights, and will collaborate with external institutions on three goals:

  • Developing a research agenda around compliance with human rights measures
  • Training Notre Dame students and international legal scholars on methodologies to assess compliance
  • Collaborating with international adjudication bodies to produce reliable information and improve compliance patterns


The lab will enable scholars to conduct comparative research into the design and effectiveness of reparative judgments; orient the strategic framing of human rights reparations to facilitate stakeholders’ monitoring of state compliance with reparative measures; and to contribute to ongoing reform debates on the power and procedures of international human rights tribunals.

The Reparations Lab’s work is expected to produce a variety of publications,  several courses for the Keough School and the College of Arts and Letters, compliance reports for international tribunals, and at least two public databases on compliance with international courts.

 

Lab PI'sDiane Desierto (law and global affairs), Aníbal Pérez-Liñán (political science and global affairs)

 

Affiliates, Spring 2023 (by Project)
 

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR)
Kellogg Research Associate: Nicolás Buitrago Rey
Graduate students: Patrick McQuestion (Ph.D.), Faisal Yamil (LLM), Josemaría Rodríguez (LLM)
Undergraduate students: Emma Ryan, Isabel Mahoney.

Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACtHR)
Kellogg Research Associate: Nicolás Buitrago Rey
External affiliate: Angélica Suárez Torres
Graduate students: Patrick McQuestion (Ph.D.), Mayra Ortiz Ocaña (Ph.D.)
Undergraduate students: Emily Lugg

Climate Justice Reparations
Kellogg Research Associate: Nicolás Buitrago Rey
Graduate student: Caren Kalafatich (LLM)
Undergraduate students: Katherine Conway, Garrett Pacholl

Permanent Court of Arbitration
Faculty affiliates: Emilia Justyna Powell, Political Science

International Criminal Court
Graduate students: Ana Clara Rivero (LLM)

World Bank Inspection Panel
Graduate students: Carlos Martínez Roca (LLM)

Human Rights Commission of the State of Mexico
Graduate student: Mayra Ortiz Ocaña (Ph.D.)


Affiliates, Fall 2022 (by Project)
 

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR)
Kellogg Research Associate: Nicolás Buitrago Rey
Graduate students: Patrick McQuestion (Ph.D.)
Undergraduate students: Emma Ryan, Isabel Mahoney.

Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACtHR)
Kellogg Research Associate: Nicolás Buitrago Rey
External affiliate: Angélica Suárez Torres
Graduate students: Patrick McQuestion (Ph.D.)
Undergraduate students: Emily Lugg

Permanent Court of Arbitration
Faculty affiliates: Emilia Justyna Powell, Political Science

World Bank Inspection Panel
Undergraduate students: Isabel Mahoney, Gabrielle Penna

Human Rights Commission of the State of Mexico
Graduate student: Mayra Ortiz Ocaña (Ph.D.)


Affiliates, Spring 2022 (by Project)
 

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR)
External affiliates: Mariana Brocca (Conicet, Argentina), Isabel Anayanssi Orizaga Inzunza (OHCHR)
Undergraduate students: Emma Ackerley, Emma Ryan

Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACtHR)
Graduate students: Nicolás Buitrago Rey (LLM) Paloma Nuñez Fernandez (LLM),  Angélica Suárez Torres (LLM)
Undergraduate students: Emily Lugg

Paraguay’s Compliance with Human Rights Reparations
Undergraduate students: Madeline Soiney

Permanent Court of Arbitration
Undergraduate students: Cullen Geahigan

World Bank Inspection Panel
Graduate students: Khawla Wakkaf (JSD), Anshu Raj Singh (LLM), Olivia Estes (JD)
Undergraduate students: Maura Brennan, Isabel Mahoney, Gabrielle Penna

Data Analysis
Undergraduate students: Tess Monahan


Affiliates, Fall 2021 (by Project)
 

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR)
External affiliates: Mariana Brocca (Conicet, Argentina), Isabel Anayanssi Orizaga Inzunza (OHCHR)
Undergraduate students: Emma Ackerley, Emma Ryan

Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACtHR)
External affiliates: Angie García Atehortúa
Graduate students: Nicolás Buitrago Rey (LLM), Paloma Núñez Fernández (LLM), Angélica Suárez Torres (LLM)
Undergraduate students: Shea Smith

Paraguay’s Compliance with Human Rights Reparations
External affiliates: Analía Bogado (Desarrollo Institute, Paraguay), José Molinas (Desarrollo Institute, Paraguay)
Undergraduate students: Madeline Soiney

Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
Faculty affiliates: Emilia Justyna Powell, Political Science
Undergraduate students: Cullen Geahighan

World Bank Inspection Panel
Graduate students: Khawla Wakkaf (JSD), Anshu Raj Singh (LLM), Olivia Estes (Law)
Undergraduate students: Maura Brennan, Gabrielle Penna

Data Management
Undergraduate students: Tess Monahan


Affiliates, Summer 2021 (by Project)
 

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR)
External affiliates: Mariana Brocca (Conicet, Argentina), Isabel Anayanssi Orizaga Inzunza (OHCHR)
Undergraduate students: Emma Ackerley

Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACtHR)
External affiliates: Angie García Atehortúa
Undergraduate students: Shea Smith

Paraguay’s Compliance with Human Rights Reparations
Graduate students: Railen Hernández Guatache
Undergraduate students: Madeline Soiney

Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
Faculty affiliates: Emilia Justyna Powell, Political Science
Undergraduate students: Zachary Holland

World Bank Inspection Panel
Graduate students: Khawla Wakkaf (JSD), Patrick Giuliani (Law), Amanda Walsh (Law), Tinaishe Maramba (MGA)

Data Management
Undergraduate students: Tess Monahan


Affiliates, Spring 2021 (by Project)
 

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR)
External affiliates: Mariana Brocca (Conicet, Argentina), Isabel Anayanssi Orizaga Inzunza (OHCHR)
Undergraduate students: Emma Ackerley, Isabelle Grassel, Morgan McLaughlin, Margo Murphy, Sierra Stinson, Matt Carranza, Joseph Rice

Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACtHR)
External affiliates: Angie García Atehortúa
Undergraduate students: Shea Smith

Paraguay’s Compliance with Human Rights Reparations
Graduate students: Railen Hernández Guatache (LLM)
Undergraduate students: Madeline Soiney

Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
Faculty affiliates: Emilia Justyna Powell, Political Science
Undergraduate students: Zachary Holland, Emily Lugg, Jed Mariano, Emma Ziegler

World Bank Inspection Panel
Graduate students: Khawla Wakkaf (JSD), Jemimah Kolo (LLM), Rachel Gagnon (MGA), Belen Carriedo (MGA)
Undergraduate students: Maura Brennan

Data Management
Undergraduate students: Tess Monahan


Affiliates, Winter Session 2021 (by Project)

 
Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR)
External affiliates: Mariana Brocca (Conicet, Argentina), Isabel Anayanssi Orizaga Inzunza (OHCHR), Francesca Parente (University of Pennsylvania)
Graduate students: Asha Mendis (LLM)
Undergraduate students: Emma Ackerley, Tess Monahan, Shea Smith

Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACtHR)
External affiliates: Angie García Atehortúa (Strategic Advocacy for Human Rights, SAHR), Ana Olavarrieta Trejo

Paraguay’s Compliance with Human Rights Reparations
Graduate students: Railen Hernández Guatache (LLM)
Undergraduate students: Madeline Soiney

Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
Faculty affiliates: Emilia Justyna Powell, Political Science
Undergraduate students: Cullen Geahighan, Clare Hillen, Brian Lemay, Emma Ziegler

World Bank Inspection Panel
Graduate students: Khawla Wakkaf (JSD), Jemimah Kolo (LLM), Rachel Gagnon (MGA), Belen Carriedo (MGA)
Undergraduate students: Maura Brennan, Megan Fahrney

 

Affiliates, Fall 2020 (by Project)

 
Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR)
External affiliates: Mariana Brocca (Conicet, Argentina), Isabel Anayanssi Orizaga Inzunza (OHCHR), Francesca Parente (University of Pennsylvania)

Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACtHR)
External affiliates: Angie García Atehortúa (Strategic Advocacy for Human Rights, SAHR)

Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
Faculty affiliates: Emilia Justyna Powell, Political Science
Undergraduate students: Brian Lemay, Clare Hillen, Emma Ziegler

World Bank Inspection Panel
Graduate students: Khawla Wakkaf (JSD), Rachel Gagnon (MGA), Belen Carriedo (MGA)
Undergraduate students: Maura Brennan


Affiliates, Summer 2020 (by Project)
 

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR)
Graduate students: Mariana Brocca (LLM), Isabel Anayanssi Orizaga Inzunza (LLM)

 Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACtHR)
Graduate students: Angie García Atehortúa (LLM)
Undergraduate students: Ana Olavarrieta Trejo

World Bank Inspection Panel
Graduate students: Khawla Wakkaf (JSD), Rachel Gagnon (MGA), Belen Carriedo (MGA)

Reports

 

  • SUMMARY OF THE EXPERT WORKSHOP —“Rethinking Compliance and Reparations in International Law”

  • ReportIACtHR2019.pdf:  In this document, we advance a methodological proposal to assess levels of compliance with decisions of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. The document presents historical trends, introduces the new methodology, and offers an analysis of 238 cases (1,782 reparation measures) decided by the Court by the end of 2018.

  • ReportIACtHR2020.pdf:  We registered actual dates of compliance for reparation measures ordered by the IACtHR, and compared them to the date of Court resolutions acknowledging compliance. The creation of the Supervision Unit in 2015 shortened the time between compliance and acknowledgment by several months. Analyses using the two dates differ slightly.

  • ReportIACtHR2020-2.pdf:  In this document, we analyze the effect of supervision hearings on state compliance with reparation measures ordered by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACtHR). Our study covers all reparation measures awaiting compliance between 2007 and 2019.

  • ReportCSJ2021.pdf: We estimate the time taken by Paraguay to comply with reparation measures resulting from friendly settlements in the Inter-American Human Rights System, reports on the merits issued by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, and decisions of the Inter-American Court. Friendly settlements reduce time to compliance by 70% (in Spanish).

  • ReportWBIP2022.pdf: This report reviews existing works about the World Bank Inspection Panel: its mandate and competences, its fact-finding powers and accountability procedures, its relationship to the World Bank Group, and its effectiveness as an accountability mechanism.

  • NDRL_Inter-American Remedies on the Rights to Peaceful Assembly and Association.pdf: This brief Prepared for the Special Rapporteur on the Rights to Freedom of Peaceful Assembly and of Association, for his Report to be presented at the 53rd session of the Human Rights Council, addresses the standards of non-repetition adopted by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights when dealing with the rights to Freedom of Peaceful Assembly and of Association.

Book Chapters
 
Papers
Short Articles

Video

Workshop: Rethinking Compliance and Reparations in International Law;  Monday, May 25, 2020

Inter-American Court of Human Rights: Reparations Dataset  - December 2023

Perez-Linan, Anibal; De Valenzuela, Lia; Lugg, Emily; Olavarrieta Trejo, Ana; Smith, Shea, 2023, "Inter-American Court of Human Rights: Reparations Dataset", https://doi.org/10.7910/DVN/GQ1CAG
The dataset contains information on 329 cases decided by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights between 1989 and 2022. The units of analysis in the dataset are individual reparation measures ordered by the Court (N = 2,371)


Replication Data for: Compliance in Time: Lessons from the Inter-American Court of Human Rights - Feb 5, 2023

Perez-Linan, Anibal; Schenoni, Luis; Morrison, Kelly, 2023, "Replication Data for: Compliance in Time: Lessons from the Inter-American Court of Human Rights", https://doi.org/10.7910/DVN/66TP69
This dataset contains yearly records for 1,872 reparation measures ordered by the IACtHR through 2019. The ancillary file replicates the analysis of the article introducing the methodology of the Reparations Lab (International Studies Review, vol. 25, no. 1).



Inter-American Commission on Human Rights: Merits Reports Dataset - Dec 2, 2021

Perez-Linan, Anibal; Parente, Francesca; Brocca, Mariana; Orizaga Inzunza, Isabel Anayanssi, 2021, "IACHR Merits Reports Dataset", https://doi.org/10.7910/DVN/NQXMAX
This dataset covers all cases for which the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights has published reports on the merits from 1992 to 2019. The units of analysis are recommendations issued in the reports. 

 

Toward Effective Reparations: A Discussion on Human Rights, Climate Change, and International Development

Wednesday, February 28, 2024  |  10:00am - 5:00pm
Hesburgh Center Auditorium

The Kellogg Institute for International Studies, the Global Human Rights Clinic, and the Klau Institute for Civil and Human Rights of the University of Notre Dame are pleased to announce this interdisciplinary one-day symposium with the objective to convene experts, practitioners, policymakers, and scholars to explore reparations within the realms of human rights, climate change, and international development. This event aims to facilitate dialogue, share knowledge, and present three reparation datasets developed by the Notre Dame Design and Compliance Reparations Lab on Climate Change litigation, IACtHR’s judgements, and the World Bank Inspection Panel’s decisions.

Speakers
  • Diane Desierto: Director LLM and Global Human Rights Clinic, Notre Dame Law School; Kellogg Faculty Fellow
  • Aníbal Pérez-Liñán: Director of the Kellogg Institute for International Studies, University of Notre Dame
  • Justice Pablo Saavedra: Secretary of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights
  • Michael Gerrard: Professor of Practice and Founding Director, Sabin Center for Climate Change Law, Columbia Law School
  • María Antonia Tigre: Director of Global Climate Change Litigation, Sabin Center for Climate Change Law, Columbia Law School
  • Thalia Viveros: Senior Research Fellow, Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law
  • Faisal Yamil Meneses: Research Associate of the Kellogg Institute for International Studies, University of Notre Dame
  • Nicolás Buitrago: JSD Candidate, Notre Dame Law School, PhD Fellow of the Kellogg Institute for International Studies, University of Notre Dame

Sponsored in collaboration with the Notre Dame Reparations Design and Compliance Policy and Practice Lab of the Kellogg Institute for International Studies, the Global Human Rights Clinic, and the Klau Institute for Civil and Human Rights.

 


Past Events
 

Peace and Solidarity: Dilemmas of the Evolution of International Law in an Age of Decoupling - Monday Oct 31, 2022 ⋅ 12:30 – 2pm EDT
A Book Presentation by Cecilia M. Bailliet, Professor Dr. jur. and Director of the Masters Program in International Law, University of Oslo

The Inter-American Human Rights System: Best Practices for Implementing IACHR Decisions (HYBRID) - Tuesday, December 7, 2021 - 6:00pm EDT

The Inter-American Human Rights System: Reparations Design and Compliance (HYBRID) - Wednesday, December 8, 2021 - 6:00pm EDT

The Inter-American Human Rights System: Launch of Principles on Academic Freedom (HYBRID) - Thursday, December 9, 2021 - 6:00pm EDT

 

Paraguay: Capacidad estatal y cumplimiento con el Sistema Interamericano de Derechos Humanos (VIRTUAL) - Friday, December 10, 2021 - 9:00am 

Watch Video

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

World Bank: Reconstruction, Refugees, Fragility, and Accountability (VIRTUAL) - Thursday, November 11,  2021, 4:00pm EDT

The Structural Impact of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights in the Americas - Thursday, October 29, 2020, 4:00pm EDT

OFFERED VIRTUALLY! Workshop: Rethinking Compliance and Reparations in International Law - Monday, May 25, 2020,  10:30am - 12:30pm EDT 

News 

Jan.26, 2023 - Reparations Lab Faculty Fellows Receive Notre Dame Research Internal Grant for the project “Reparations Design and Compliance in the Inter-American Court of Human Rights”

Faculty Fellows Aníbal Pérez-Liñán (professor of political science and global affairs and director of the Kellogg Institute for International Studies in the Keough School of Global Affairs) and Diane Desierto (professor of law and global affairs in the Law School and Keough School of Global Affairs) were awarded the Notre Dame Research 2022 Internal Grant for the project “Reparations Design and Compliance in the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.”

Nov. 11, 2020 - Desierto and Perez-Linan Write on the New World Bank Accountability Mechanism
Faculty Fellows Diane Desierto (human rights law and global affairs) and Aníbal Pérez-Liñán (political science and global affairs) are part of a collaborative team that authored an article on the European Journal of International Law's  EJIL:Talk!, a leading international law blog.

June 10, 2020: New Lab Holds Inaugural Workshop
The new Notre Dame Reparations Design and Compliance Lab (NDRL) convened more than 30 scholars, policymakers, and practitioners from leading institutions in international human rights law compliance last month for its inaugural workshop.

Nov. 5, 2019: Bridging Academia and Policy: New Kellogg Labs Promote Research, Policy Impact
The Kellogg Institute for International Studies is launching a major new effort that supports high-impact, high-yield research intended to have a tangible influence on policies and practices affecting democracy and human development.

 

Courses