Policy and Practice Research Lab
Notre Dame Reparations Design and Compliance
The Notre Dame Reparations Design and Compliance Lab focuses on the question: Under what conditions do states comply with orders of international tribunals in cases involving human rights?
Led by Faculty Fellows Diane Desierto an associate professor of human rights law and global affairs at the Keough School for Global Affairs, and Aníbal Pérez-Liñán, a professor of political science and global affairs who holds a joint appointment in the Department of Political Science and the Keough School, the lab develops and tests methodologies to assess state compliance with reparative orders of international adjudication bodies, such as the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and the World Bank Inspection Panel. The project will draw on quantitative and qualitative tools in political science and law to integrate teaching, research, and outreach.
The Reparations Lab (RL) is jointly funded by Kellogg and the Klau Center for Civil and Human Rights, and will collaborate with external institutions on three goals:
- Developing a research agenda around compliance with human rights measures
- Training Notre Dame students and international legal scholars on methodologies to assess compliance
- Collaborating with international adjudication bodies to produce reliable information and improve compliance patterns
The lab will enable scholars to conduct comparative research into the design and effectiveness of reparative judgments; orient the strategic framing of human rights reparations to facilitate stakeholders’ monitoring of state compliance with reparative measures; and to contribute to ongoing reform debates on the power and procedures of international human rights tribunals.
The Reparations Lab’s work is expected to produce a variety of publications, several courses for the Keough School and the College of Arts and Letters, compliance reports for international tribunals, and at least two public databases on compliance with international courts.
Students Collaborating with the Reparations Lab, Spring 2020 (by Project)
Inter-American Commission of Human Rights (IACHR)
- Graduate students: Mariana Brocca (LLM), Belen Carriedo (MGA), Carmen Haydeé López (LLM), Isabel Anayanssi Orizaga Inzunza (LLM)
Undergraduate students: Sara Atassi, Ronan King, Allison Morcus, Shea Smith
Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACtHR)
- Graduate students: Angie García (LLM)
Undergraduate students: Ana Olavarrieta Trejo
World Bank Inspection Panel
- Graduate students: Khawla Wakkaf (JSD), Rachel Gagnon (MGA), María Treviño Salce (LLM), Zixu Wang (LLM)
- Undergraduate students: Samantha Bader, Lexi Becker, Sydney Brown, Emma Dudrick, Elizabeth Mellor
ReportIACtHR2019.pdf: In this document, we advance a methodological proposal to assess levels of compliance with decisions of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. The document presents historical trends, introduces the new methodology, and offers an analysis of 238 cases (1,782 reparation measures) decided by the Court by the end of 2018.
ReportIACtHR2020.pdf: We registered actual dates of compliance for reparation measures ordered by the IACtHR, and compared them to the date of Court resolutions acknowledging compliance. The creation of the Supervision Unit in 2015 shortened the time between compliance and acknowledgment by several months. Analyses using the two dates differ slightly.
ReportIACtHR2020-2.pdf: In this document, we analyze the effect of supervision hearings on state compliance with reparation measures ordered by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACtHR). Our study covers all reparation measures awaiting compliance between 2007 and 2019.
- Diane Desierto. "Due Diligence in World Bank Project Financing," in Heike Krieger, Anne Peters, and Leonhard Kreuzer, eds., Due Diligence in the International Legal Order (Oxford University Press, 2020)
Pérez Liñán, Aníbal, Luis Schenoni, and Kelly Morrison. "Time and Compliance with International Rulings: The Case of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights." Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law & International Law (MPIL) Research Paper No. 2019-17: October 2, 2019.
Workshop: Rethinking Compliance and Reparations in International Law; Monday, May 25, 2020
- June 10, 2020: New Lab Holds Inaugural Workshop
- Nov. 5, 2019: Bridging Academia and Policy: New Kellogg Labs Promote Research, Policy Impact
OFFERED VIRTUALLY! Workshop: Rethinking Compliance and Reparations in International Law - Monday, May 25 10:30 am - 12:30 pm EST
Human Rights Reparations, Spring 2020
Professor Diane A. Desierto
(CHR 30701-01; KSGA 30404-01; LAW 70414-01; MGA 60310-01; IIPS 30421-01)
Law, Courts, and Government Compliance: Protecting Human Rights, Fall 2019
Professor Aníbal Pérez-Liñán