Kellogg Institute Faculty Fellow Sarah Zuckerman Daly is one of 31 nationwide recipients of 2018 Andrew Carnegie fellowships, the Carnegie Corporation of New York announced April 25.

Each Carnegie fellow will receive up to $200,000 toward the funding of significant research and writing in the social sciences and humanities – the most generous stipend of its kind.

“I am extremely honored to receive this support for my research,” said Daly, whose research considers issues of postwar violence and elections with a regional focus on Latin America. “For me, it is humbling and invigorating for my work to receive this award.” 

The program recognizes an exceptional group of both established and emerging scholars, journalists and authors with the goal of strengthening U.S. democracy, driving technological and cultural creativity, exploring global connections and global ruptures, and improving both natural and human environments.

"Sarah is an exceptional scholar, and this fellowship will allow her make more contributions to the literature on post-war violence and peacebuilding in developing countries," said Kellogg Institute Acting Director Jeff Bergstrand. "Her work is emblematic of our focus at the Kellogg Institute on furthering democracy and human development. We're thrilled for her to receive this fellowship, and proud that she is part of the Kellogg community."

Notre Dame President Rev. John I. Jenkins, CSC, called Daly “an exceptional academic whose scholarship and public outreach have made impressive contributions to international peace. She is gifted with theoretical creativity, incredible abilities, and instincts for fieldwork, methodological sophistication, elegant prose, and the ability to ask urgent, policy-relevant questions.”

Daly, an assistant professor of political science and a fellow at the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, aims to offer new understandings of the politics of violence and peace, crime, and democratic elections and the roles played by organizations, networks, geography, emotions, information, and bargaining in these processes. 

Her second book project, which will be supported by the Carnegie award, seeks to explain a surprising feature of post-conflict environments around the world – after suffering wartime atrocities and winning peace, millions of people around the world elect to live under the rule of political actors with deep roots in the violent organizations of the past. 

Her book will analyze why citizens vote in this counterintuitive fashion and what the implications of these elections are for efforts at successful peacebuilding and democratization.

Daly will use cross-national, sub-national and individual-level statistical analysis, experimental survey data, and in-depth interviews, field observations, and archival research to understand political life after war. 

“My research seeks to generate solutions to significant challenges of violence, criminality, and coercive governance in the developing world,” she said, “and to offer decision-makers recommendations for creating lasting peace and democracy.”

Daly is the third Notre Dame faculty member in the past two years to win a Carnegie fellowship, following 2017 recipients David Campbell, the Packey J. Dee Professor of American Democracy, and Atalia Omer, an associate professor of religion, conflict, and peace studies.

Daly’s first book, Organized Violence After Civil Wars: The Geography of Recruitment in Latin America (Cambridge University Press, 2016) explains why some violent organizations choose to disarm and demilitarize following peace negotiations, while others choose to remilitarize and resume violence instead.

It is based on her extensive and at times dangerous fieldwork in Colombia, which produced 11 surveys of and 300 interviews with ex-combatants, their families, psychologists, civilian community members and others; organization-level information on 37 militia factions; and geo-referenced data on 29,000 violent events over 50 years of war. 

She argues that the primary driving force behind a return to organized violence is the variation in recruitment patterns within, and between, the warring groups.

The 31 fellowship winners were selected from 270 nominations made by the heads of universities, think tanks, publishers, and nonprofits. The distinguished panel of jurors looked for high-caliber scholarship that addresses the most pressing modern issues and show potential for meaningful impact.

“We were reassured by the immense talent and breadth of experience reflected in the proposals from this year’s nominees,” said Vartan Gregorian, president of Carnegie Corporation of New York and president emeritus of Brown University. “The response to the fellows program gives me great hope for the future of the study of the humanities and the social sciences as a way for this country to learn from the past, understand the present, and devise paths to progress and peace.”