Peace, Conflict, Crime & Violence Workshop

Drinking Tea with the Neighbors: Informal Clubs, Social Trust, and Trustworthiness in Mali

Kellogg Institute Faculty Fellow Jaimie Bleck

Workshop with Jaimie Bleck, Kellogg Faculty Fellow, Associate Professor of Political Science

"Drinking Tea with the Neighbors: Informal Clubs, Social Trust, and Trustworthiness in Mali"

Despite substantial theorizing on social capital, there has been scant empirical evidence of the relationship between associational membership and trust and trustworthiness.  This study explores informal social clubs with diverse membership in a weak West African state: Mali. It asks: is membership in these groups associated with greater general trust and trustworthiness? The study leverages 18 months of mixed-methods fieldwork in Mali, including 375 group surveys, 2,525 surveys of members and non-members, more than 1,300 trust games, as well as transcripts from  focus groups in 69 of these clubs. We find evidence strongly suggestive of links between associational membership and trustworthiness toward broader society. The clubs embody characteristics that social capital theorists believe to generate trust: egalitarian composition, diverse membership, positive reciprocity, and face to face interaction.  We use propensity score matching to analyze how members and non-members play the trust game with strangers. We find that members of these groups are more trustworthy. As receivers, they return 12 percent more to their partners in the trust game than similar, non-member peers.  This result holds whether games are played with members of the same or different linguistic communities.  We do not find a systematic effect of membership on trust.  Trustworthiness in the game is also positively correlated with self-reported attitudinal trust and real world behaviors that we might associate with trustworthiness including volunteering in the community and helping friends.  Analysis of causal statements within the focus group data suggests that the experience of membership in these groups, rather than self-selection alone, fosters general trustworthiness by bridging across society and expanding members' networks, facilitating bonding between members from diverse backgrounds, socializing participants into pro-social Malian norms, and providing stress relief.

For the pre-circulated materials or more information, contact Gary Goertz.

About the Kroc-Kellogg Peace, Conflict, Crime and Violence Workshop
This workshop seeks to integrate and develop collaboration between Kroc and Kellogg scholars focusing on the wide range of peace, conflict, and violence issues. It is intended to be broad in scope including topics such as political and criminal violence, human rights, and transitional justice along with standard issues of civil and international war, peacebuilding, and reconciliation. The format assumes that participants come to the workshop having read the paper. A discussant will start the discussion with 5-10 minutes of comments, then the floor is open. These sessions are open to Notre Dame faculty and graduate students. For the pre-circulated materials or more information, contact Gary Goertz.
Workshop Organizers: Guillermo TrejoGary Goertz, Laurie Nathan, Abby Córdova, and Josefina Echavarría Alvarez.

Speakers / Related People
Jaimie Bleck

Jaimie Bleck is an associate professor of political science and the senior research advisor for the Ford Program in Human Development Studies and Solidarity at the Kellogg Institute for International Studies. She also is a concurrent faculty member in the Keough School of Global Affairs. She has been a Kellogg Institute faculty fellow since 2011...
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