Notre Dame Law School is hosting two international law professors with Kellogg ties this semester.

Former Kellogg Visiting Fellow Luigi Crema and current Kellogg Visiting Fellow Francisco J. Urbina are visiting professors teaching courses in international and comparative law. 

Crema is professor of international law at the Law School of the Università degli Studi of Milan. He graduated summa cum laude from the Università degli Studi of Milan and holds a joint PhD in Public International Law from the Universities of Geneva and Milan. He did postdoctoral work as a fellow at the Jean Monnet Center of the New York University School of Law and at the Kellogg Institute (spring 2016). 

In addition to his seminal book on the interpretation of treaties, Crema has also published many articles in law reviews including the European Journal of International Law and several chapters in books. His work has been cited by the International Law Commission of the United Nations and the US Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, and he has presented his ideas in many venues, including the United Nations. He has dedicated himself in recent years to large-scale projects of institution building, establishing and administering two new degree programs – an LLM on sustainable development and a PhD on law, ethics, and economics – as well as launching a website on sustainability. 

“From the seriousness of the students to the stimulating discussions of the faculty meetings, and especially the lively collegiality and spontaneous collaboration among colleagues, the chance to be at Notre Dame has been a demanding, rewarding, and inspiring experience,” Crema said. 

Urbina is a visiting fellow at the Kellogg Institute for International Studies and a concurrent visiting professor at the Law School. His primary areas of work are human rights, constitutional law and jurisprudence, devoting particular attention to regional systems of protection of human rights, legal methods for evaluating limitations of human rights, and to the role of courts and legislatures in promoting human rights. He is an assistant professor at the Faculty of Law of the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile and fellow of the Center for International Studies at the same university.

His work has been published in peer-reviewed journals such as the Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, the Law Quarterly Review, the American Journal of Jurisprudence, and the International Journal of Constitutional Law. He is the author of A Critique of Proportionality and Balancing (Cambridge University Press, 2017) and a co-author of Legislated Rights: Securing Human Rights through Legislation (Cambridge University Press, 2018). Between 2019 and 2021, he served as a human rights advisor to the Mission of Chile to the Organization of American States, and he has represented the State of Chile in cases before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. He graduated summa cum laude from the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile in 2007 and earned a MSt in Legal Studies and a DPhil in Law from the University of Oxford in 2013.

“It’s been a wonderful experience to be a part of the vibrant intellectual community of the Law School this term,” Urbina said. “Given Notre Dame’s global leadership in human rights, it is a distinct privilege to be able to teach here in this area.”

This is excerpted from an article originally posted at