The Distributive Politics of Nonstate Welfare Provision


Why do governments delegate welfare provision to nonstate organizations? In several emerging welfare states, as the state grows, so do nongovernmental organizations. Rather than being a symptom of weak governance or an apparent solution to government inefficiency, funding private charities to provide public services is a tactic that governments deliberately deploy to engender electoral support. Furthermore, delegation is also a consequence of connections between NGO and government staff that create channels of information that favor connected nonstate organizations. I examine these claims using original, fine-grained data from Brazil and a multi-method approach.