Working Papers

"Labor, Politics, and Industrialization in the Dominican Republic"

Author
Rosario Espinal
Abstract

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to trace the development of the Dominican labor movement in the context of the economic and political changes that have taken place in the Dominican Republic since the Trujillo dictatorship. A main objective is to show how the subordinate role of the working class in Dominican society has changed little, despite the industrialization process initiated in the 1940s and expanded in the late 1960s, and despite the establishment of a democratic government in 1978. Both under authoritarian and democratic rule the Dominican labor movement has been a weak political force, largely excluded from the economic and political benefits associated with industrialization and the democratization of politics.

Resumen

El propósito de este trabajo es examinar el desarrollo del movimiento obrero en el contexto de los cambios económicos y políticos que ha experimentado la sociedad dominicana a partir de la dictadura de Trujillo. Un argumento central del trabajo es que la clase obrera dominicana continúa subordinada y débil a pesar del proceso de industrialización iniciado en los años 40 e intensificado a fines de los años 60 y el establecimiento de un gobierno democrático en 1978. Es decir, tanto bajo los gobiernos autoritarios como democráticos, el movimiento obrero dominicano ha estado excluído de los beneficios económicos y políticos asociados con la industrialización y la democratización política.

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