Democracy in Argentina: Thirty Years After the Transition
Tiffany D. Barnes (PhD, Rice University), assistant professor in political science at the University of Kentucky, is a Kellogg visiting fellow for the fall 2013 semester. Her research in comparative politics looks at political institutions and representation, and in particular focuses on themes relating to politics and gender and on Latin American politics.
While at Kellogg, Barnes is completing the book project “Women’s Representation and the Impact of Institutional Incentives.” Drawing on original data and elite interviews from extensive fieldwork in Argentina, she is investigating how changes in the proportion of female legislators and differences in institutional contexts shape women’s legislative behavior. The project represents one of the first empirical efforts to examine this subject across many Argentinean chambers over a significant period of time.
Barnes bases her analysis on an impressive original dataset containing data on 27 provincial legislatures in 19 provinces over an 18-year period. She argues that the extent to which women work to represent women’s interests is a function of both their numerical representation and their institutional incentives.
Her work has previously appeared in Comparative Political Studies, Gender & Politics, and Conflict Management and Peace Science.
Paolo Carozza (JD, Harvard Law School) is the director of the Kellogg Institute for International Studies at the University of Notre Dame, where he also directs the Center for Civil and Human Rights, including its JSD program in international human rights law. An expert in comparative constitutional law, human rights, and international law, he has published books and articles in Europe and Latin America as well as in the United States.
From 2006 to 2010 he was a member of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, serving as its president (2008–09). In 2009, President Michelle Bachelet of Chile conferred on him the Order of Bernardo O’Higgins, the highest honor given by the Republic of Chile to a foreign national, in recognition of his work on behalf of human rights in the Americas.
Alicia Castro has been the ambassador of Argentina to the United Kingdom since January 2012. Appointed by former president Néstor Kirchner, she previously served as Argentine ambassador to the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (2006–2011). She was elected to the Argentine Chamber of Deputies for Buenos Aires Province in 1997 and re-elected in 2001.
Gabriela Ippolito-O’Donnell (PhD, University of Cambridge) is a visiting fellow at the Kellogg Institute for International Studies. Previously, she was professor of politics at Argentina’s Universidad Nacional de San Martín, where she directed the Center for the Study of Civil Society and Public Life (CESC). She earned her MA and was Mellon project coordinator at the University of Notre Dame. The author of The Right to the City: Popular Contention in Contemporary Buenos Aires (University of Notre Dame Press, 2012) among other publications, Ippolito-O’Donnell has served as a consultant to the United Nations Development Programme.
Scott Mainwaring (PhD, Stanford University) is the Eugene and Helen Conley Professor of Political Science at the University of Notre Dame, where he directed the Kellogg Institute for International Studies for 13 years. A member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Mainwaring was listed as one of the 400 most cited political scientists in the United States in 2007.
Mainwaring’s research interests include democratic institutions, democratization, and political parties and party systems. His many books include The Third Wave of Democratization in Latin America: Advances and Setbacks (coedited, 2005), The Crisis of Democratic Representation in the Andes (coedited, 2006), and Democratic Governance in Latin America (coedited, 2010). His most recent book, coauthored with Aníbal Pérez-Liñán, is Democracies and Dictatorships in Latin America: Emergence, Survival, and Fall (forthcoming, 2013).
Guillermo Makin (PhD, University of Cambridge) is professor at the Universidad de Belgrano (Argentina) and a senior research associate at the Centre of Latin American Studies, University of Cambridge. His work compares Argentine institutional and political development on the 30th anniversary of the country’s return of democracy, a project based on interviews with political actors conducted between 1980 and 2003. Another ongoing project focuses on Argentina–UK relations.
Frequently consulted by the Argentine and British media, Makin has published widely, including Presidencialismo y Parlamentarismo: un estudio del caso británico (El Cid Editor, 2000). He has lectured at the Universidad de Bologna (Buenos Aires programme) and the Universidad del Salvador (Argentina), where he earned a first-class honors degree before his PhD.
Leigh A. Payne (PhD, Yale University) is professor of sociology of Latin America and director of the Latin American Centre at St. Antony’s College, University of Oxford. She concentrates her research on political sociology and particularly the challenges Latin American societies face during transitions from authoritarian rule. Her award-winning book, Unsettling Accounts: Neither Truth nor Reconciliation in Confessions of State Violence (Duke University Press, 2008), explores perpetrators’ confessional performances in Argentina, Brazil, Chile and South Africa.
Payne is the recipient of awards from the Arts and Humanities Research Council-National Science Foundation, the MacArthur Foundation, the Social Science Research Council, the Fulbright Commission, and the Oak Foundation, among others.
Philippe Schmitter (PhD, University of California at Berkeley), now professor emeritus at the European University Institute, also taught politics at the University of Chicago and Stanford University over his long career. In the early 1980s he and Guillermo O’Donnell codirected a major research project on democratic transitions in Southern Europe and Latin America that resulted in the landmark publication Transitions from Authoritarian Rule/ Prospects for Democracy (1986).
He has been the recipient of numerous professional awards and fellowships, including a Guggenheim and a Humboldt; awards for lifetime achievement from the European Consortium of Political Research and EUSA (2008); and the Mattei Dogan Prize from the International Political Science Association (IPSA) and the Uppsala University Johan Skytte Prize in Political Science for his contributions to political science (2009).
His current work is on the political characteristics of the emerging Euro-polity, on the consolidation of democracy in Southern and Eastern countries, and on the possibility of post-liberal democracy in Western Europe and North America.
Warren von Eschenbach is assistant provost for Europe at the University of Notre Dame and director of the Notre Dame London Centre. After receiving a master’s in philosophy from Marquette University, von Eschenbach earned his PhD at the University of Texas at Austin, specializing in ethics and 19th- and 20th-century European philosophy.