Throughout his time as Archbishop of San Salvador (1977-1980), Oscar Romero continually pointed to Catholic Social Teaching as a way of understanding and orienting how the Christian faith is to be lived in the contemporary world. As we approach the 40th anniversary of Romero’s martyrdom, the 35th annual Romero Days conference will bring together a distinguished group of scholars to both critically engage the role of Catholic Social Teaching within Romero’s life, witness, and writings, and explore Romero’s legacy in light of contemporary work for justice and human development. Speakers will address Romero’s Salvadoran context, his overall relationship to Catholic Social Teaching, his employment of particular Catholic Social Teaching principles, and how his legacy might be received today.
Sponsored by Latin American North American Church Concerns (LANACC).
We are currently rescheduling this event. Please check back for dates.
Location: Hesburgh Center for International Studies, C103 (unless otherwise stated)
Click paper titles to view abstracts.
8:30-9:00am Registrations Check-In
9:00-9:10am Welcome Address
Todd Walatka, University of Notre Dame
9:10-10:30am Session 1: Romero in Context
Sr. Ana Maria Pineda, Santa Clara University—Romero: A Man in Search of God and Truth
Michael Lee, Fordham University—Óscar Romero & Liberation Theology
Moderator: Peter Casarella
10:40am-12:00pm Session 2: Catholic Social Teaching and the Option for the Poor
Margie Pfeil, University of Notre Dame—Romero and Catholic Social Teaching
Edgardo Colón-Emeric, Duke Divinity School—The God Who Sweats in the Street”: Romero and the Option for the Poor
Moderator: Bill Purcell
1:30-3:00pm Session 3: Human Dignity
David Lantigua, University of Notre Dame—The Faces of the Suffering Christ: Romero, Catholic Social Teaching, and the Praxis of Human Dignity
Carmen Nanko-Fernández, Catholic Theological Union, Chicago—In Defense of Dignity: Romero and the Call to Conscience
Moderator: Clemens Sedmak
3:00-3:30pm Coffee Break
3:30-5:00pm Session 4: The Common Good
Stephen J. Pope, Boston College—Romero, the Common Good, and Economic Justice
Nichole Flores, University of Virginia—Romero, the Common Good, and Social Movements
Moderator: Sean O'Brien
Location: Hesburgh Center for International Studies, C103 (unless otherwise stated)
Click paper titles to view abstracts.
9:00-9:10am Recap of Day 1 and Introduction to Day 2
9:10-10:30am Session 1: Peace
Kevin J. Burke, S.J., Regis College—Romero, CST, and Peace
José Henriquez, National University of Ireland—El Salvador’s Search for Meaning: Romero’s Peacebuilding Legacy Explored in the Post-War Era
Moderator: John Thiede
10:40am-12:00pm Session 2: Solidarity
Meghan Clark, St. John’s University—Romero, CST, and Solidarity
Elizabeth O’Donnell Gandolfo, Wake Forest Divinity School—The Solidarity of the Poor with the Poor: Ecclesial Base Communities and San Romero’s Theology of the People of God
Moderator: David Lantigua
1:30-3:00pm Session 3: Romero and the Practice of Catholic Social Teaching
Rubén Rosario Rodríguez, Saint Louis University—Radical Nonviolence: Romero, Catholic Social Teaching, and Racism
Matthew Phillip Whelan, Baylor University—Óscar Romero, Catholic Social Teaching, and Land Reform
Leo Guardado, Fordham University—Romero and Church Occupations
Moderator: Connie Mick
3:00-3:15pm Coffee Break
3:15-4:15pm Notre Dame Student Presentations
Jacqueline Shrader, MGA, IPS—Animal vs Human: A Rhetorical Analysis of Salvadoran Gangs
Travis Lacy, PhD, Theology—Becoming History: Óscar Romero and Incarceration
Moderator: Todd Walatka
4:15-4:45pm Closing Reflections
Peter Casarella, University of Notre Dame
5:15-6:15pm St. Romero Martyrdom Anniversary Mass
Basilica of the Sacred Heart, Notre Dame
Celebrant: Reverend Kevin J. Burke, S.J.
6:30-8:30pm Reception and Banquet Dinner
Conferral of the Rev. Robert S. Pelton, CSC, Memorial Essay Contest Awards
Location: The Oak Room, South Dining Hall
Kevin J. Burke
Rev. Kevin Burke, SJ, is professor and vice president for mission at Regis University. Before his appointment, Burke served for two decades as a professor of theology at two Jesuit theology centers – at Weston Jesuit School of Theology in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and at the Jesuit School of Theology in Berkeley, California. He served as dean and acting president at the latter from 2006-12. In addition, he has been a valuable member of Regis’ Board of Trustees and he sits on the board of the University of San Francisco, as well as on the boards of several other organizations. He is a nationally recognized speaker at universities and theological conferences and the author or editor of seven books and many articles that address contemporary theological and social issues. He is a well-known scholar on Latin American liberation theology and has written extensively on the thought of Salvadoran thinkers Ignacio Ellacuría and Jon Sobrino.
Kellogg Institute Faculty Fellow Peter Casarella is associate professor of theology and former director of LANACC. Before coming to Notre Dame in 2013, Peter Casarella served as professor of Catholic Studies at DePaul University where he was also the director of the Center for World Catholicism and Intercultural Theology. He has taught previously at the University of Dallas and The Catholic University of America. He has published almost fifty essays in scholarly journals on a variety of topics – e.g., medieval Christian Neoplatonism, contemporary theological aesthetics, and the Hispanic/Latino presence in the U.S. Catholic Church. In 2005 he served as President of the Academy of Catholic Hispanic Theologians in the US (ACHTUS). He has edited or co-edited: Cuerpo de Cristo: The Hispanic Presence in the U.S. Catholic Church (1998), Christian Spirituality and the Culture of Modernity: The Thought of Louis Dupré (1998), Cusanus: The Legacy of Learned Ignorance (2006), and, most recently, A World for All? Global Civil Society in Political Theory and Trinitarian Theology (2011).
Meghan Clark is an Associate Professor of Theology and Religious Studies at St. John’s University. She is an expert in Catholic Social Teaching and has published extensively on the principle of solidarity. In 2014 she published The Vision of Catholic Social Thought: The Virtue of Solidarity and the Praxis of Human Rights. From 2010-2013, she served as a Consultant to the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops Committee on Domestic Justice. Currently, she serves as a faculty expert for the Holy See’s Mission to the United Nations coordinated by St. John’s Vincentian Center for Church and Society. She is a Senior Fellow of the Vincentian Center for Church and Society. From 2012-2018, she served on the Board of Directors of America Press, Inc and the faculty advisory board for Catholic Relief Services university engagement. In 2015, Dr. Clark was a Fulbright Scholar to the Hekima Institute for Peace Studies and International Relations at Hekima University College, Nairobi, Kenya. She has conducted fieldwork on human rights and solidarity in Sudan, Kenya, Ethiopia and Tanzania. At St. John’s, Dr. Clark engages students inside and outside the classroom on diverse topics in moral theology and Catholic social thought. She received her Ph.D. in Theological Ethics from Boston College has a B.A. in Philosophy and Theology from Fordham University
Edgardo Colón-Emeric is assistant professor of Christian theology and founder of the Hispanic House of Studies at Duke Divinity School. Colón-Emeric obtained a BS from Cornell University (1990), an MS from the University of Vermont (1994), an MDiv from Duke Divinity School (1997), and a PhD from Duke University (2007). An ordained United Methodist minister, he has served as pastor for Hispanic ministries in North Carolina. His research and teaching bring Wesleyan and Thomistic theology into conversation with questions emerging from the Hispanic and Latin American context. At present, he is working on a book on the theology of Óscar Romero. Colón-Emeric directs Methodist theological formation programs in Central America and Peru, and he is regularly involved in national and international dialogues between Catholics and Methodists
Nichole M. Flores
Nichole M. Flores is assistant professor of religious studies at the University of Virginia. She researches the constructive contributions of Catholic and Latinx theologies to notions of justice and aesthetics as applied in public life. Her research in practical ethics addresses issues of politics, migration, family, gender, economics (labor and consumption), race and ethnicity, and ecology. She teaches courses on Latinx religion, Catholic theology and ethics, religion and democracy, and bioethics. She is a UVA Arts & Sciences College Fellow for the 2019-20 and 2020-21 academic years.
Dr. Flores has published essays in the Journal of Religious Ethics, the Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics, and the Journal of Religion and Society. She has contributed book chapters to several edited book volumes, including a theological biography of Ella Baker in Can I Get a Witness? Thirteen Peacemakers, Community Builders, and Agitators for Faith and Justice. She is a contributing author on the masthead at America: The Jesuit Review of Faith & Culture.
In 2015, Dr. Flores was honored with the Catherine Mowry LaCugna Award for best essay in academic theology by a junior scholar from the Catholic Theological Society of America. Dr. Flores earned an A.B. in government from Smith College, an M.Div. from Yale University, and a Ph.D. in theological ethics from Boston College.
Elizabeth O'Donnell Gandolfo
Elizabeth O'Donnell Gandolfo is the Edith B. and Arthur E. Earley Assistant Professor of Catholic and Latin American Studies at Wake Forest University School of Divinity. Gandolfo is a constructive theologian whose teaching and research interests coalesce around the following themes in feminist and Latin American liberation theologies: the place of motherhood in theology and spirituality; the theological and political significance of remembering suffering; and the ecclesiology of Christian base communities in Latin America. Her first book, The Power and Vulnerability of Love: A Theological Anthropology (Fortress, 2015), draws on women’s experiences of maternity and natality to construct a theology of suffering and redemption that is anchored in the reality of human vulnerability. She is co-editor of Parenting as Spiritual Practice and Source for Theology: Mothering Matters (Palgrave Macmillan, 2017), which brings together theological reflections on mothering by women scholars in theology, bible, and ethics. Gandolfo is currently working on a book project entitled Re-membering the Reign of God: The Decolonial Witness of El Salvador’s Church of the Poor. She holds a B.A. in Theology from St. Joseph’s University, a Masters of Theological Studies from the University of Notre Dame, and a Ph.D. in Theological Studies from Emory University
Leo Guardado, Salvadoran by birth, is Assistant Professor in the Department of Theology at Fordham University. His research is focused on the theological and embodied ecclesial responses to the transnational mechanisms of violence that continue to displace persons from Latin America and that persecute them within the US. Informed by Liberation Theology, the lived experience of Latina/o communities, and Gandhian nonviolence, Guardado seeks to reconcile the socially-transformative wisdom of these traditions. More particularly, Leo writes on the concept and practice of church sanctuary, its relation to the 1980s Sanctuary Movement, and the ecclesiological implications of a church of the poor and persecuted in the US. Methodologically, he engages ethnographic approaches with the craft of theology for it can serve as a means of accompanying communities while also generating scholarship. He has recently published “Nonviolence: The Witness of a Church of Mercy” in Expositions 13.2 (2019), and “Just peace, Just Sanctuary: Immigration and Ecclesial Nonviolence” in A Just Peace Ethic (Georgetown University Press, 2020). He is also working on his first monograph titled Church as Sanctuary, which provides a theological defense of sanctuary practices and argues that sanctuary is a nonviolent means for church communities to resist and interrupt the legalized violence of the state. Guardado received his B.A. from St. Mary’s College of California, and his M.T.S and Ph.D. from the University of Notre Dame.
José Henriquez is a Salvadoran peace activist. He is a Doctoral Researcher and Lecturer on International Human Rights Law in the Irish Centre for Human Rights at the National University of Ireland in Galway. José’s current research topics include state repression, gang violence and human rights in Central America. He is the former Secretary General of Pax Christi International and remains an international advisor for the international peace movement based in Belgium. He served as Executive Director of the Fundación Marista in Guatemala and also as Chair of the Justice, Peace and Integrity of the Creation Commission of the Guatemalan Conference of Women and Men Religious (CONFREGUA). José holds an MSc from American University (Washington, DC); and BAs from the Pontifical Gregorian University (Rome) and the La Salle University (México/Guatemala).
Travis Lacy is a PhD candidate in Systematic Theology at the University of Notre Dame with research interests in ecclesiology, philosophical theology, and Medieval thought. His dissertation, tentatively titled “The Catholicity of the Church: An Augustinian Account,” will offer a systematic proposal regarding the meaning of the church’s “universality” (catholicity) considered from theoretical, practical, and phenomenological perspectives. In addition to his dissertation research, Travis has published on the thought of Edith Stein, Johann Baptist Metz, Hans Urs von Balthasar, and St. Bonaventure. After graduation (May 2021), he hopes to teach and extend his ecclesiological project into questions of Catholic social thought, with a focus on economic and carceral justice. Travis lives in South Bend with his wife, Shannon, and their three children, Edith, John Henry, and Drew.
Kellogg Institute Faculty Fellow David Lantigua is Assistant Professor of Moral Theology/Christian Ethics at the University of Notre Dame where he is also a fellow at the Institute for Latino Studies. His research and teaching covers the areas of religion, colonialism, and international political thought, Catholic social teaching, Latin American theology, and human rights. He is author of Infidels and Empires in a New World Order: Early Modern Spanish Contributions to International Legal Thought (Cambridge) and co-editor with Lawrence Clayton of Bartolomé de las Casas and the Defense of Amerindian Rights (Alabama Press). He is also co-author of Comparative Religious Ethics: A Narrative Approach to Global Ethics (Wiley). He was previously a faculty member at The Catholic University of America and past graduate fellow of the Notre Dame Institute for Advanced Study.
Michael E. Lee
Michael E. Lee is Professor of Theology at Fordham University, where he is affiliated with the Latin American and Latinx Studies Institute and teaches Roman Catholic theology, liberation theologies, Latin American and Latinx theologies, Christology, and spirituality. His most recent book is Revolutionary Saint: The Theological Legacy of Óscar Romero (Orbis, 2018). He has provided a new introduction for the anniversary edition of Voice of the Voiceless: The Four Pastoral Letters and Other Statements by Saint Óscar Romero (Orbis, 2020). Dr. Lee is also the author of Bearing the Weight of Salvation: The Soteriology of Ignacio Ellacuría (Crossroad, 2009), and editor of Ignacio Ellacuría: Essays on History, Liberation, and Salvation (Orbis, 2013). He has served as President of the Academy of Catholic Hispanic Theologians of the United States (ACHTUS), and on the governing boards of the Catholic Theological Society of America (CTSA) and Christians for Peace in El Salvador (CRISPAZ). He holds a BA, MA and PhD from the University of Notre Dame, as well as an MA from the University of Chicago.
Connie Snyder Mick is a senior associate director and the director of academic affairs at the Center for Social Concerns and co-director of the Poverty Studies Interdisciplinary Minor. Professor Mick works with faculty to design and implement academic community engagement in courses and research across the University, informed by pedagogical research on engaged teaching and learning. She leads initiatives that help advance a culture of engagement, such as the Community Impact Grants, the Engaged Learning Forum, and the Faculty Fellows. Professor Mick leads the Community Engagement Faculty Institute, a three-day immersion into the theory and practice of community-based teaching, research, and scholarship.
Carmen M. Nanko-Fernández
Carmen M. Nanko-Fernández is professor of hispanic theology and ministry as well as director of the Hispanic Theology and Ministry Program at Catholic Theological Union in Chicago. A Latin@ theologian, her publications include Theologizing en Espanglish: Context, Community and Ministry (2010), and numerous chapters and articles on Latin@ theologies, Catholic social teaching, im/migration, sport and theology, with particular attention to béisbol/baseball. She is currently completing ¿El Santo? Baseball and the Canonization of Roberto Clemente, which is under contract with the Sport and Religion series of Mercer University Press. A past president of the Academy of Catholic Hispanic Theologians of the United States (ACHTUS), she received their Virgilio Elizondo Award for “distinguished achievement in theology” in 2012.
Margaret Pfeil is an associate professional specialist at the University of Notre Dame, holding joint appointments in the Department of Theology and the Center for Social Concerns. Her research interests include Catholic social thought, racial justice, ecological ethics, ecumenical dialogue, and peace studies. She is author of The Scandal of White Complicity in U.S. Hyper-incarceration: A Nonviolent Spirituality of White Resistance (with Laurie Cassidy and Alex Mikulich, Palgrave Macmillan, 2013) and coeditor with Gerald Schlabach of Sharing Peace: Mennonites and Catholics in Conversation (Liturgical Press, 2013). A founder of the St. Peter Claver Catholic Worker House in South Bend, she holds a PhD from the University of Notre Dame.
Sr. Ana María Pineda, RSM
Sr. Ana María Pineda, RSM, STD, is a member of the leadership team of the Sisters of Mercy of the Americas, West Midwest, and is a tenured faculty member in the religious studies department at Santa Clara University where she has taught for 21 years.
She was born in El Salvador, Central America, and migrated to the U.S. with her parents when she was two. Starting as an elementary teacher, much of her ministry has revolved around some aspect of Hispanic ministry and theology.
She was co-director of the Office of Hispanic Ministry and Hispanic Consultant to the Diocesan Catechetical Office in the Diocese of San Jose and a faculty member and director of the Hispanic Ministry Program at Catholic Theological Union in Chicago for 10 years. She also served as the director of the Graduate Pastoral Ministries Program at Santa Clara University between 1999-2005. She was instrumental in promoting the earliest Hispanic Church dialogue in the national Encuentros of lay ministers and bishops.
With fellow Hispanic theologians, she contributed early on in the newly established Academy of Catholic Hispanic Theologians in the United States (ACHTUS) and served as its President in 2000. Pineda was a member of the committee that created the Hispanic Theological Initiative (HTI), which supports Latino/as in theological doctoral studies.
She is the author of Romero and Grande, Companions on the Journey, about the friendship between Archbishop Óscar Romero, who was declared a saint in 2018, and Jesuit Fr. Rutilio Grande, who will be beatified in 2020. Both are martyrs of El Salvador.
Pineda has a B.A. in Liberal Studies from Russell College, Burlingame, Calif.; M.A. in Theology, Catholic Theological Union, Chicago, Ill.; Doctorate in Ministry candidate at Jesuit School of Theology, Berkeley, Calif.; and a Doctorate in Sacred Theology, Pastoral/Applied Theology, Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca, Spain.
Stephen J. Pope
Stephen J. Pope is professor of theological ethics at Boston College. His research interests focus on virtue ethics, charity and justice, the ethics of Thomas Aquinas, and Roman Catholic social teachings. He is the author of A Step Along the Way: Models of Christian Service (Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis Press, 2015) and of various articles on peacebuilding, justice, and political reconciliation in El Salvador, Uganda, and elsewhere. He is editor of Solidarity and Hope: Jon Sobrino’s Challenge to the Christian Theology (Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis Press, 2008). His recent work focuses on forgiveness and restorative justice, particularly among forced migrants accompanied by Jesuit Refugee Service.
Bill Purcell has been the director of the Catholic Social Tradition at the Center for Social Concerns, as well as a faculty member at the University of Notre Dame, since the summer of 2005. He oversees the integration of Catholic social thought into center courses and programming.
Bill also is a co-director of the interdisciplinary Catholic Social Tradition Minor at the University. He teaches community-based learning courses on poverty and various social issues. Bill acts as a liaison for the center with national Catholic institutions, which focus on justice education.
Rev. Rubén Rosario Rodríguez
Rev. Rubén Rosario Rodríguez, a graduate of Union Theological Seminary and Princeton Theological Seminary, is Professor of Systematic Theology in the Department of Theological Studies at Saint Louis University. An ordained Presbyterian minister, he has contributed chapters to two recent collections on Latino/a theology in the United States, The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Latino/a Theology (2015) and Immigrant Neighbors among Us: Immigration across Theological Traditions (2015). His books include Racism and God-Talk: A Latino/a Perspective (NYU Press, 2008), which won the 2011 Alpha Sigma Nu Book Award for Theology, Christian Martyrdom and Political Violence: A Conversation with Judaism and Islam (Cambridge University Press, 2017), and Dogmatics After Babel: Beyond the Theologies of Word and Culture (Westminster John Knox Press, 2018). His most recent publication is an edited collection, The T&T Clark Handbook of Political Theology (Bloomsbury/T&T Clark, 2019), which offers a comprehensive snapshot of the field with contributions from scholars in all three Abrahamic traditions. He is director of the Mev Puleo Scholarship in Latin American Theology, Politics, and Culture, a ten-week immersion experience with an emphasis on liberation theology and social justice, and Director of Masters Programs in the Department of Theological Studies at Saint Louis University.
Clemens Sedmak is a professor of social ethics in the Keough School of Global Affairs and interim director of the Nanovic Institute for European Studies at the University of Notre Dame, where he is also an advisor in Catholic Social Tradition in the Center for Social Concerns and a Kellogg Institute for International Studies faculty fellow.
Sedmak focuses his research on social ethics, the Catholic social tradition, and issues of poverty and justice.
Jacqueline Shrader most recently served as program director to a youth leadership development program serving emerging leaders from Latin America and the Caribbean. Previously, she worked in rural Peru on a team of social workers with the Jesuit Volunteer Corps, implementing and supporting youth programs. Jacqueline has conducted research in Guatemala on how female civil society and grassroots leaders are confronting gender-based violence. Jacqueline holds a bachelor of arts in theology and religious studies from Seattle University. She is the recipient of a Kroc Institute Fellowship at the University of Notre Dame's Masters in Global Affairs program. After graduating from Notre Dame, she will join work for Catholic Relief Services as an International Development Program Fellow in Ghana.
Kellogg Institute Faculty Fellow Todd Walatka serves as the assistant chair for graduate studies in the Department of Theology at the University of Notre Dame. Specializing in contemporary Catholic systematic theology, his research focuses particularly on the thought of Hans Urs von Balthasar and Latin American liberation theology. He also works in the field of pedagogy and pedagogical formation, both in his role as assistant chair for graduate studies and in his research. Two ongoing book projects explore the theme of mercy in liberation theology and the theological witness of Archbishop Óscar Romero. The courses he has taught most recently include: The Church and the Poor, Mercy and Liberation, Introduction to Vatican II, Christian Traditions II, Ecclesiology, Eschatology, and Teaching Theology.
Matthew Philipp Whelan
Matthew Philipp Whelan is a full-time lecturer in the Department of Religion at Baylor University. His first book, Blood in the Fields: Óscar Romero, Catholic Social Teaching, and Land Reform (Catholic University of America Press, 2020) examines Romero through the lens of land reform, arguing that Romero’s advocacy for justice in the distribution of land helps illumine the meaning of his ministry and martyrdom. Matthew holds degrees from the University of Virginia (BA), Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (MSc), and Duke University (MTS, PhD), and his articles have appeared in Modern Theology, Journal for the Society of Christian Ethics, Communio, Journal of Moral Theology, and Nova et Vetera, among other venues. He currently resides in Waco, Texas, with his wife Natalie and their three daughters, Chora, Edith, and Simone.
Undergraduate and graduate students in all programs at Notre Dame are invited to submit a paper proposal for the Romero Days 2020 conference. Proposed papers must address either Romero or Catholic Social Teaching, with a strong preference for works that address both. Possible topics include, but are not limited to, the following: analyses of aspects of Romero’s life or writings in light of Catholic Social Teaching; explorations of Romero’s use of Catholic Social Teaching; productive applications of Catholic Social Teaching to concrete situations locally, nationally, or globally, whether in the past or present; theoretical engagements with the logic and coherence of Catholic Social Teaching as a whole or particular ideas within it; interdisciplinary work on Catholic Social Teaching and/or the life of Romero.
- Proposal length: your proposal should be no more than 300 words in length. It should clearly detail the contribution of the paper to an important field of study as well as how the paper fits within the Romero Days 2020 conference theme of “Oscar Romero and Catholic Social Teaching.”
- Deadline for Submission: Dec 1, 2019; you will be notified by email regarding whether or not the paper was accepted by Dec 15.
- Papers will be presented during the 35th Romero Days Conference
If you have any questions regarding your proposal or proposal process, please contact Todd Walatka (firstname.lastname@example.org)