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Collaborative Research

Much important research originates in collaborative Kellogg projects that bring together faculty fellows from the Institute and leading scholars from around the country. These projects typically begin with a major conference or series of conferences to review the scholarship on the topic and chart new directions for the research. Once themes emerge, the investigation and its finding will typically be published in a edited volume, either by Notre Dame Press or a comparable academic press.

The following is a listing of major projects and the volumes that were published.

Multinational Taxation and Tax Competition

Multinational Taxation and Tax CompetitionTax planning strategies by multinationals and harmful tax competition are important areas of concern in efforts to reform and simplify tax policies to prevent abuse and decrease tax avoidance.

In a June 2008 conference in Amsterdam sponsored by the Kellogg Institute, Elsevier, and the Center for European Integration Studies at the University of Bonn, economists from Europe and the Americas discussed how national and international policies influence multinational behavior and tax competition incentives.

The resulting publication contributes to a more nuanced understanding of the role of multinationals in the global economy. Current EU policies regarding the taxation of multinational companies are based upon a negative view of tax havens and tax planning strategies, a belief in the efficacy of apportionment formulas in reducing tax distortions and tax competition pressures, and the concern that union-wide infrastructure policies can promote harmful tax competition. Conference participants suggest that these policies should be re-evaluated in light of new theoretical insights and empirical evidence.


"Multinational Taxation and Tax Competition,” Special Section, European Economic Review 54, 1 (January 2010).
Edited by Thomas A. Gresik and Juergen von Hagen

Democratic Governance in Latin America

Democratic Governance in Latin AmericaInaugurated at an October 2005 conference, this project examined why, after a wave of democratization in the region, democracy continues to struggle in Latin America and how these challenges can be overcome. Aiming to illuminate policy debates, the project explored how Latin American governments could maintain a high quality of democratic practice, help their countries advance economically, and combat social problems caused by poverty.

Organized by Kellogg faculty fellows Scott Mainwaring and Rev. Timothy Scully, CSC, the project included not only not only well-known political scientists and economists, but six distinguished Latin American leaders with strong academic credentials, including Fernando Henrique Cardoso, the former president of Brazil; former Kellogg Senior Fellow Alejandro Foxley, who served as finance minister and minister of foreign affairs in Chile; and José Miguel Insulza, the secretary general of the Organization of American States. Other contributors include six former Kellogg visiting fellows. The project received funding from the Coca-Cola Company.


Democratic Governance in Latin America (Stanford University Press, 2010)

Edited by Scott Mainwaring and Rev. Timothy Scully, CSC


Catholicism and Contemporary Latin American Politics

Religious Pluralism, Democracy, and the Catholic Church in Latin AmericaReligious Pluralism, Democracy, and the Catholic Church in Latin AmericaThis ambitious project aimed to reinvigorate the study of the role of the Catholic Church in contemporary Latin American politics at a time of new trends in the region that deeply affected the Church: globalization, secularization, religious pluralism, and democratization.

Organized by Kellogg Faculty Fellow Frances Hagopian, with funding from the US Conference of Catholic Bishops and The Coca-Cola Foundation, the project was launched at the 2003 workshop, “Contemporary Challenges to Catholicism in Latin America.” An expanded circle of participants, including both US and Latin American social scientists, continued their discussion at the 2005 conference, “Contemporary Catholicism, Religious Pluralism, and Democracy in Latin America.”

The resulting publication examines the contemporary responses of the institutional Catholic Church to pluralism, as well as how democracy has changed the Church and how religious change has impacted democratic politics in Latin America.


Religious Pluralism, Democracy, and the Catholic Church in Latin America(University of Notre Dame Press, 2009)

Edited by Frances Hagopian


The Sequencing of Regional Economic Integration: Issues in the Breadth and Depth of Economic Integration in the Americas

World EconomyThis project provided a forum for scholars and policymakers to consider better models of the economic integration process in the Americas. Although there are many examples of regional economic integration from around the world, national and international policy makers have lacked a solid understanding of the process by which a region decides to move toward broader and deeper integration.

In a September 2005 conference sponsored by the Kellogg Institute, Notre Dame’s Mendoza College of Business, The Coca-Cola Company, and the Inter-American Development Bank, scholars and policy makers discussed trade agreements such as the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) and developed guidelines for future trade integration in Latin America. Participants included prominent academic trade economists and political scientists as well as policy makers from the International Monetary Fund, Inter-American Development Bank, World Bank, and other institutions.


“Sequencing of Regional Economic Integration: Issues in the Depth and Breadth of Economic Integration in the Americas.” Special issue, The World Economy 31, 1 (January 2008).

Edited by Jeffrey Bergstrand, Antoni Estevadeordal, and Simon Evenett.


Cuba’s Democratic Transition

Looking Forward: Comparative Perspectives on Cuba’s TransitionAddressing Cuba’s future democratic transition, this project, launched at a 2003 Kellogg Institute workshop, asked scholars to imagine the future in Cuba from their various social science perspectives.

There is no certitude about the likelihood or the timing of a democratic transition, given the slowness of change and the stifling of political debate in Cuba. But should an opportunity for transition arise, policymakers in Cuba and the US and around the world need to be ready with a current, in-depth understanding of the important political, social, economic, cultural and religious forces that together will shape Cuba’s future.


Looking Forward: Comparative Perspectives on Cuba’s Transition (University of Notre Dame Press, 2007)

Edited by Marifeli Pérez-Stable.


Democracy, Human Rights and Peace in Colombia

Democracy, Human Rights and Peace in ColombiaWith Colombia's long-standing internal conflict deepening and US involvement growing, scholars gathered at two conferences to debate policy options for resolving the conflict.

Three centers at the University of Notre Dame—the Kellogg Institute for International Studies, the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, and the Center for Civil and Human Rights—in collaboration with the Colombia Commission of Jurists and the Inter-American Dialogue undertook a three-year initiative designed to: gather a cross-section of the actors in Colombia who are committed to democracy and human rights; provide training and intellectual support for Colombian analysts and leaders; create a space in the United States where Colombian scholars who are at risk can find a supportive intellectual environment; raise new awareness—especially in the United States—of the problems and opportunities facing Colombia by advancing research, scholarship, and public discussion about democracy, the rule of law, and conflict resolution in Colombia; and help clarify the debate over policy options in both Colombia and the United States.


Peace, Democracy and Human Rights in Colombia, (University of Notre Dame Press, 2007)
Edited by Christopher Welna and Gustavo Gallón


The Crisis of Democratic Representation in the Andes

The Crisis of Democratic Representation in the AndesIn the early 2000s, Andean countries were identified as the Latin American region having the most difficulty in consolidating democracy. Problems such as growing inequality, drug trafficking, and political violence were not being dealt with through the traditional channels of mediation and political representation, political parties, which were also in crisis. To replace parties, populist and anti-political leaders emerged, as well as new movements and organizations that demand direct access to decision making without intermediaries. A 2002 conference continued Kellogg analysis of the Andes with a focus on the key issue of political representation.

Participants explored the theme of political representation not only “from above”—from the formal political institutions—but also “from below”—from the perspective of citizens mobilizing on the margins of the parties and the electoral mechanisms. Analysis included looking at reforms that could reformulate and strengthen Andean political society as a whole. it.


The Crisis of Democratic Representation in the Andes (Stanford University Press, 2006)

Edited by Scott Mainwaring, Ana María Bejarano, and Eduardo Pizarro Leongómez


Changing Family Patterns in Chile: Social Disintigration and Social Policy

El Eslabón Perdido: Familia, moderninización y bienstar en ChileThis project took a long-term approach toward addressing Chile's substantial social changes.

Those developments include changing family patterns, declining rates of marriage and high levels of births to unwed mothers. While Chileans are conducting a public debate that is framed in terms of moral values and decaying family life, the debate "has not been informed by systematic social science research," say the three co-directors of the project. They are Rev. Timothy Scully, CSC; J. Samuel Valenzuela; and Eugenio Tironi. Scully and Valenzuela are Kellogg faculty fellows, and Tironi, a former Kellogg visiting fellow, is one of Chile's leading political sociologists.

The three led an effort to delineate the actual characteristics and problems of Chilean families, as well as other factors such as the conditions faced by women in the country. Five research teams probed different aspects of the situation, including history and demographics, family life, marriage, poverty, the household and the workplace.


El Eslabón Perdido: Familia, modernización y bienestar en Chile (Taurus, 2006)

Edited by Rev. Timothy Scully, CSC; J. Samuel Valenzuela; and Eugenio Tironi


Advances and Setbacks in the Third Wave of Democratization in Latin America

Advances and Setbacks in the Third Wave of Democratization in Latin AmericaIn most of Latin America, until the wave of democratization that began in 1978, authoritarian regimes were pervasive. Democracies in many countries were short-lived. Since 1978 democracy has been more extensive and durable than ever before. Most surprisingly, in many countries democratic and semidemocratic regimes have survived despite poor social and economic performances and despite lengthy authoritarian traditions. Yet at the same time the post-1978 wave of democratization is far from an unqualified success. Democratization is truncated in many countries, and it has experienced serious setbacks in such countries as Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, and Venezuela. From a scholarly standpoint, this pattern of advancement and erosion does not conform neatly either to historical patterns, social structure, or economic performance. While Costa Rica's democracy flourishes, Venezuela's has been seriously challenged. Democracies persist in some countries with high levels of inequality and ethnic heterogeneity but not in others. Poor economic performance probably contributed to democratic erosion in Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela, but several other democracies in the region have survived poor economic performance.

Growing out of a 2001 conference, this project aspired to chart and explain these unanticipated advances and setbacks. Authors wrote on Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Bolivia as surprising cases of democratic advances and on Colombia, Peru, and Venezuela as cases of democratic setbacks.


The Third Wave of Democratization in Latin America: Advances and Setbacks (Cambridge University Press, 2005)

Edited by Frances Hagopian and Scott P. Mainwaring


Institutions, Accountability, and Democratic Governance in Latin America

Democratic Accountability in Latin AmericaThis project addressed one of the most important challenges related to the quality of democracy in Latin America: how to build more effective mechanisms of accountability while simultaneously protecting governability. Scholars and practitioners gathered at a 2000 conference to explore whether institutions could be designed to help ameliorate the problems of accountability in a region often characterized by corruption and undue executive dominance. 

What conditions lead politicians to adopt effective institutions of accountability? By promoting dialogue among participants from different sectors, the organizers hoped to identify policy recommendations aimed at strengthening democratic accountability and effective governance in Latin America.


Democratic Accountability in Latin America (Oxford University Press, 2003)

Edited by Scott Mainwaring and Christopher Welna.


Year of the Euro

Year of the Euro"The Year of the Euro," a Nanovic Institute conference, explored the numerous ramifications of the introduction of the European Union's new single currency in twelve participating countries. This unprecedented project of currency change emerged from a series of political and economic aspirations for transformation and convergence. With the introduction of the Euro as a circulating currency, this large project finally entered the fabric of daily life for millions of Europeans. Focusing largely on consequences and challenges located outside the economy itself, the conference papers and discussions contributed to understanding the implications of currency change for citizens and institutions throughout Europe and beyond. The interdisciplinary and international program of scholars examined a number of themes such as the impact of the new single currency on identities, the movement of people, the meaning of borders, social policies and rights, and the agendas adopted by political institutions and actors. Discussions focused on whether currency union will produce major changes in Europe beyond the functioning of the economy itself. The distinguished group of participants includes both euro-enthusiasts and euro-skeptics.


The Year of the Euro: The Cultural, Social, and Political Import of Europe's Common Currency(University of Notre Dame Press, 2002)

Edited by Robert M. Fishman and Anthony M. Messina


Project Latin America 2000

Project Latin America 2000, a multifaceted program of the Kellogg Institute for International Studies supported by The Coca-Cola Company, included an annual academic workshop and public policy forum addressing some of the critical challenges facing Latin America at the century's end.


The Child in Latin America: Health, Development, and Rights (Notre Dame Press, 2001)

Edited by Ernest J. Bartell, C.S.C., and Alejandro O'Donnell


(Un)Rule of Law and the Underprivileged in Latin America (University of Notre Dame Press, 1999)

Edited by Juan E. Méndez, Paulo Sérgio Pinheiro, and Guillermo O'Donnell


Economic Integration in the Western Hemisphere (University of Notre Dame Press, 1994)

Edited by Jaime Ros and Roberto Bouzas


Issues in Democratic Consolidation: The New South American Democracies in Comparative Perspective (University of Notre Dame Press, 1992)

Edited by Scott Mainwaring, J. Samuel Valenzuela, and Guillermo O'Donnell





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The Kellogg Institute promotes scholarship, learning, and linkages that address issues of critical importance to our world. At the center of our interdisciplinary community’s work are two key themes: democratization and human development. 

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