University of Notre Dame
Hesburgh Center/Kellogg Institute Hesburgh Center/Kellogg Institute Hesburgh Center/Kellogg Institute Hesburgh Center/Kellogg Institute Hesburgh Center/Kellogg Institute Hesburgh Center/Kellogg Institute

Democratization and the Quality of Democracy

From the Project Latin America 2000 Series

"Democracy That Matters: The Search for Authenticity, Legitimacy, and Civic Competence in the Andes"
Catherine Conaghan

"Democracy in Brazil and the Southern Cone: Achievements and Problems"
Scott Mainwaring
Forthcoming in the Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs.

"Three Challenges to US Democracy: Accountability, Representativeness, and Intellectual Diversity," with Comments by Robert Dahl.
Jorge G. Castañeda

"The Peculiarities of 'Transition' a la mexicana"
Laurence Whitehead

"Central America in the Twenty-First Century: The Prospects for a Democratic Region"
Terry Lynn Karl

"Democracy in the Americas: Approaching the Year 2000 (A Rapporteurs' Report)"
Volker Frank and Charles Kenney
This is a summary of the 1994 Academic Workshop.

From the Working Paper Series

December 1983
"Strategy, Institutions and the Autonomy of the Political"
Fábio Wanderley Reis
A revised version in Portuguese is available in Política e racionalidade, Lifmg/Proed (Belo Horizonte, 1984).

January 1984
"¿Y a mí, que me importa? Notas sobre sociabilidad y autoritarismo en Argentina y Brasil"
Guillermo O'Donnell
Now available in Estudios CEDES (Buenos Aires, November 1984); also in Contrapontos, autoritarismo e democratização, 121-55 (São Paulo: Edições Vértice, 1986).

January 1984
"Change, Rationality and Politics: Some Basic Problems of Method and Theory in Contemporary Socio-Political Science"
Fabio Wanderley Reis
A revised version in Portuguese is available in A ciência política nos anos 80, ed. B. Lamounier, 175-202 (Brasilia: Editora da Universidade de Brasilia, 1982).

March 1984
"Societal Preconditions of Corporatism and Some Current Dilemmas of Democratic Theory"
Claus Offe

April 1984
"The Democratic Theory of the Polish Opposition: Normative Intentions and Strategic Ambiguities"
Andrew Arato

April 1984
"Sobre cultura política y democracia en Argentina: testimonio de un todavía exilado"
Héctor Leis

May 1984
"América Latina, Estados Unidos y democracia-Variaciones sobre un viejísimo tema"
Guillermo O'Donnell
Now available in Opciones 4 (Santiago, 1984); also in Ideas en Ciencias Sociales 2 (Buenos Aires, 1986); and Síntesis 2 (May-August 1986). English versions are available in Wilson Center Working Paper Series #146 (Washington, 1984) and The United States and Latin America in the 1980s: Contending Perspectives on a Decade of Crisis, ed. Carlos Rico and Kevin Middlebrook (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1986).

July 1984
"Transitions to Democracy: Brazil and Argentina in the 1980s"
Eduardo Viola and Scott Mainwaring
Now available in Journal of International Affairs 38 (Winter 1985): 193-219.

June 1984
"Redemocratization, the Church, and Democracy in Colombia"
Alexander Wilde
Now available in Colombia Beyond the National Front, ed. Bruce Bagley, Francisco Thoumi, and Juan Tokatlian (Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1987).

July 1984
"Fuerzas armadas, partidos políticos y transición a la democracia en Argentina, 1981-1982"
Andrés Fontana
Now available in Estudios CEDES (Buenos Aires: CEDES, 1984). A revised version under the title "Transición a la democracia" is available in Asociación chilena de investigaciones para la paz, ed. Augusto Varas, 113-30 (Santiago, 1984).

October 1984
"Issues on Democracy and Democratization: North and South-A Rapporteur's Report"
Carlos Acuña and Robert Barros

December 1984
"Transitions from Above: Democratization in Brazil and Spain"
Scott Mainwaring and Donald Share
Now available in Political Liberalization in Brazil, ed. Wayne Selcher, 175-215 (Boulder: Westview, 1986). A Spanish version is available in Revista de Estudios Políticos 49 (January-February 1986): 87-135; and a Portuguese version is available in Dados 29 (2, 1986): 207-36.

May 1985
"After Authoritarianism: Political Alternatives"
Alejandro Foxley
Now available in Development, Democracy, and the Art of Trespassing: Essays in Honor of Albert O. Hirschman, ed. Alejandro Foxley, Michael McPherson, and Guillermo O'Donnell, 191-216 (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1986).

December 1985
"The Crisis in Bolivia"
James Dunkerley and Rolando Morales
Now available in New Left Review 155 (January-February 1986, London): 86-106.

December 1985
"Los límites a la irrupción de Alan García"
Luis Pásara

January 1986
"Chile In Search of Lost Democracy"
Manuel Antonio Garretón
Now available in Latin American Political Economy: Financial Crisis and Political Change, ed. J. Hartlyn and S. Morley, 197-216 (Boulder and London: Westview Press, 1986).

January 1986
"Transición hacia la democracia en Chile e influencia externa. Dilemas y perspectivas"
Manuel Antonio Garretón
Two revised versions of this paper are available: under the title "Bloqueo externo, presión externa: La transición en Chile," Proposiciones Sur 6 (12, October-December 1986): 18-33; and under the title "Límites y dilemas de la influencia externa" in Estados Unidos y Chile hacia 1987, ed. Augusto Varas, 67-78 (Santiago: Ediciones FLACSO, 1987).

February 1986
"State Capitalism and Politics in Brazil"
Frances Hagopian

March 1986
"The Transition to Democracy in Brazil"
Scott Mainwaring
Now available in Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs 28 (May 1986): 149-79.

May 1986
"Colombia y los Estados Unidos en la Guerra de Corea"
Carlos Horacio Urán (author deceased)

July 1986
"The Consolidation of Democracy in Latin America-A Rapporteur's Report"
Scott Mainwaring

August 1986
"De la crisis de Malvinas a la subordinación condicionada: Conflictos intramilitares y transición política en Argentina"
Andrés Fontana
A revised version is available in La automomía militar en América Latina, ed. Augusto Varas, 33-56 (Caracas: Editorial Nueva Sociedad, 1988).

February 1987
"The Traditional Political Elite and the Transition to Democracy in Brazil"
Frances Hagopian

April 1987
"Peasant Response to State Grain Policy in Revolutionary Nicaragua"
Michael Zalkin

September 1987
"Democracy in Brazil: Origins, Problems, Prospects"
Frances Hagopian and Scott Mainwaring
Now available in World Policy Journal IV (Summer 1987): 485-514.

November 1987
"Democratic Transition and Breakdown in Europe, 1870-1939: A Test of the Moore Thesis"
John D. Stephens
A revised version is available in Capitalist Development and Democracy, ed. Dietrich Rueschemeyer, Evelyne Huber Stephens, and John D. Stephens (University of Chicago Press, 1992).

June 1988
"Labor Movements in Transitions to Democracy: A Framework for Analysis"
J. Samuel Valenzuela
Now available in Comparative Politics 21 (4, 1989).

May 1988
"Political Parties and Democratization in the Southern Cone-A Review Essay"
Scott Mainwaring
Now available in Comparative Politics 21 (1, October 1988): 91-120.

October 1988
"The Magical State: History and Illusion in the Appearance of Venezuelan Democracy"
Fernando Coronil

October 1988
"Issues in the Consolidation of Democracy in Latin America and Southern Europe in Comparative Perspective-A Rapporteurs' Report"
Timothy Power and Nancy Powers

December 1988
"Torn Between Authoritarianism and Crisis-Prone Democracy: The Dominican Labor Movement"
Rosario Espinal

April 1989
"Of Victims and Executioners: Argentine State Terror, 1976-1983"
David Pion-Berlin and George A. Lopez
A revised version is available in International Studies Quarterly 35 (1991): 63-86.

March 1989
"Stronismo, Post-Stronismo, and the Prospects for Democratization in Paraguay"
Diego Abente

May 1989
"Capitalist Development and Democracy in South America"
Evelyne Huber Stephens
A revised version is available in Politics and Society 17 (3, 1989): 281-352.

May 1989
"¿Pobreza = Frustración = Violencia? Crítica empírica a un mito recurrente"
Eugenio Tironi

November 1989
"Transitions to Democracy and Democratic Consolidation: Theoretical and Comparative Issues"
Scott Mainwaring
A revised version is available in Issues in Democratic Consolidation, ed. Scott Mainwaring, Guillermo O'Donnell, and Samuel Valenzuela, 294-341 (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1992).

January 1990
"Brazilian Party Underdevelopment in Comparative Perspective"
Scott Mainwaring
Now available in Political Science Quarterly 107 (Winter 1992-1993): 677-707.

March 1990
"El fondo de la forma: Actos públicos de la campaña presidencial del Partido Revolucionario Institucional, México, 1988"
Larissa Adler Lomnitz, Claudio Lomnitz-Adler, and Ilya Adler
Now available in Constructing Culture and Power in Latin America, ed. Daniel Levine (Ann Arbor: Michigan University Press, 1993) and in Spanish in Nueva Antropología 38: 45-83.

May 1990
"Los partidos políticos chilenos en la perspectiva de la transición y consolidación democráticas"
Manuel Antonio Garretón

May 1990
"Unlikely Transitions to Uncertain Regimes? Democracy without Compromise in the Dominican Republic and Ecuador"
Catherine M. Conaghan and Rosario Espinal
A revised version is available in Journal of Latin American Studies 22 (October 1990): 553-74.

June 1990
"Politicians, Parties and Electoral Systems: Brazil in Comparative Perspective"
Scott Mainwaring
An updated version is available in Comparative Politics 1 (October, 1991): 21-43.

June 1990
"Las condiciones socio-políticas de la inauguración democrática en Chile"
Manuel Antonio Garretón

September 1990
"Reappraising the Role of the Center: The Case of the Chilean Party System"
Rev. Timothy R. Scully, CSC
A revised version is available as chapter 1 of the author's book Rethinking the Center: Party Politics in 19th and 20th Century Chile (Stanford: Stanford Press, 1992).

September 1990
"Presidentialism, Multiparty Systems, and Democracy: The Difficult Equation"
Scott Mainwaring
Now available in Comparative Political Studies 26 (2, 1993): 198-228.

October 1990
"Los partidos políticos uruguayos en el proceso de transición hacia la democracia"
Juan Rial

December 1990
"Democratic Consolidation in Post-Transitional Settings: Notion, Process, and Facilitating Conditions"
J. Samuel Valenzuela
A revised version is available in Issues in Democratic Consolidation, ed. Scott Mainwaring, Guillermo O'Donnell, and Samuel Valenzuela, 57-104 (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1992).

February 1991
"Argentina, de nuevo"
Guillermo O'Donnell
Now available in Novos Estudos CEBRAP 24 (June 1989).

March 1991
"Wage Differentials and Efficiency Wage Models: Evidence from the Chilean Economy"
Pilar Romaguera
A revised version in Spanish is available in Colección Estudios CIEPLAN 29 (September 1990): 65-106.

April 1991
"Industrialists, Labor Relations, and the Transition to Democracy in Brazil"
Leigh A. Payne
Now available in the author's book Brazilian Industrialists and Democratic Change (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993).

May 1991
"Reconstituting the Institutional Bases of Consent: Notes on State-Labor Relations and Democratic Consolidation in the Southern Cone"
Paul G. Buchanan
A revised version is forthcoming in the author's book State, Labor, Capital: Institutionalizing Democratic Class Relations in the Southern Cone, chapters 1-3 (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1995).

July 1991
"America Astray"
Francisco C. Weffort
A Portuguese version is available in Qual Democracia? 35-62 (São Paulo: Editora Cia. des Letras, 1992).

August 1991
"From National Corporatism to Transnational Pluralism: European Interest Politics and the Single Market"
Wolfgang Streeck
A revised version is available in Participation in Public Policy-Making: The Role of Unions and Employers' Association, ed. Tiziano Treu, 97-126 (Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter).

December 1991
"Strategic Choice Models of Political Change in Latin America"
David Collier and Deborah L. Norden
A slightly revised version is available in Comparative Politics 24 (2 January 1992): 229-43.

January 1992
"The Transition to Democracy in Paraguay: Problems and Prospects-A Rapporteur's Report"
Nancy R. Powers

March 1992
"Delegative Democracy?"
Guillermo O'Donnell
This is a revised and abridged version of a text of the same title published in Portuguese by Novos Estudos CEBRAP 31 (Oct. 1991): 25-40. An updated version (in English) is available in Journal of Democracy 5 (1 January 1994): 55-69.

May 1992
"Dilemmas of Multiparty Presidential Democracy: The Case of Brazil"
Scott Mainwaring
Forthcoming in Presidentialism and Democracy in Latin America, ed. Scott Mainwaring and Matthew Shugart (under review). A Portuguese version is available under the title "A democracia presidencialista multipartidária: O caso do Brasil," Lua Nova 28/29 (Brazil 1993): 21-74.

August 1992
"Brazilian Business and the Democratic Transition: New Attitudes and Influence"
Leigh A. Payne
Now available in Business and Democracy in Latin America, ed. Ernest Bartell, CSC, and Leigh A. Payne (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1995).

October 1992
"Mexican Business and the State: The Political Economy of a 'Muddled' Transition"
Blanca Heredia
Now available in Business and Democracy in Latin America, ed. Ernest Bartell, CSC, and Leigh A. Payne (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1995).

December 1992
"Business Perceptions and the Transition to Democracy in Chile"
Ernest Bartell, CSC
Now available in Business and Democracy in Latin America, ed. Ernest Bartell, CSC, and Leigh A. Payne (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1995).

December 1992
"Business Elites and Democracy in Latin America: Reflections on the May 1991 Kellogg Institute Conference"
Juan J. López

January 1993
"Evaluating Alternative Explanations of Electoral Reform in Costa Rica"
Fabrice Edouard Lehoucq
Now available in Electoral Studies, Vol. 14, No. 1 as "Institutional Change and Political Conflict: Evaluating Alternative Explanations of Electoral Reform in Costa Rica" (March 1995).

January 1993
"A Sign of the Times: Television and Electoral Politics in Argentina, 1983-1989"
Silvio R. Waisbord

May 1993
"Economic Policy Elites and Democratic Consolidation"
Verónica Montecinos

April 1993
"On the State, Democratization, and Some Conceptual Problems (A Latin American View with Glances at Some Post-Communist Countries)"
Guillermo O'Donnell
Now available in World Development 21 (8, October, 1993): 1355-69. A Portuguese version is available as "Sobre o estado, a democratização e alguns problemas conceituais (Uma visão latino-americana com uma rápida olhada em alguns países pós-comunistas)," Novos Estudos CEBRAP 36 (July, São Paulo), and a Spanish version as "Acerca del estado, la democratización y algunos problemas conceptuales. Una perspectiva latinoamericana con referencias a paises poscomunistas," Desarrollo Económico 33 (130, Buenos Aires).

June 1993
"Venezuela: The Life and Times of the Party System"
Miriam Kornblith and Daniel H. Levine
Now available in Building Democratic Institutions: Party Systems in Latin America, ed. Scott Mainwaring and Timothy Scully (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1995).

July 1993
"From Democracy to Democracy: Continuities and Changes of Electoral Choices and the Party System in Chile"
Timothy Scully, CSC, and J. Samuel Valenzuela
Forthcoming in Politics, Society and Democracy: Latin America, ed. Arturo Valenzuela (Boulder: Westview).

July 1993
"Juan Linz, Presidentialism, and Democracy: A Critical Appraisal"
Scott Mainwaring and Matthew Shugart
Forthcoming in Politics, Society and Democracy: Latin America, ed. Arturo Valenzuela (Boulder: Westview). A Portuguese version is available under the title "Juan Linz, presidencialismo e democracia," Novos Estudos CEBRAP 3 (November 1993): 191-213, and a Spanish version in Desarrollo Económico 135 (October-December 1994).

March 1994
"Capitalists and Revolution"
Rose J. Spalding

March 1994
"Renovation in the Revolution? Dictatorship, Democracy, and Political Change in the Chilean Left"
Kenneth Roberts

July 1994
"The Political Underpinnings of Economic Liberalization in Chile"
Timothy R. Scully, CSC

March 1995
"Under- and Overinstitutionalization: Some Ideal Typical Propositions Concerning New and Old Party Systems"
Andreas Schedler

December 1995
"Catholicism, Anticlericalism, and the Quest for Women's Suffrage in Chile"
Erika Maza Valenzuela
The Spanish version of this paper "Catolicismo, anticlericalismo y la extensión del surfagio a la mujer en Chile," was published in Estudios Públicos 58 (fall 1995).

December 1995
"The Origins and Transformations of the Chilean Party System"
J. Samuel Valenzuela

January 1996
"The Honecker Trial: The East German Past and the German Future"
A. James McAdams

March 1996
"Ethnicity and Development: The Caribbean and Oceania"
Ralph R. Premdas

March 1996
"Another Institutionalization: Latin America and Elsewhere"
Guillermo O'Donnell

April 1996
"Building Aspects of Democracy before Democracy: Electoral Practices in Nineteenth-Century Chile"
J. Samuel Valenzuela

April 1996
"Ethnicity and Elections in The Caribbean: A Radical Realignment of Power in Trinidad and the Threat of Communal Strife"
Ralph R. Premdas

April 1996
"Poverty and Inequality in Latin America: Some Political Reflections"
Guillermo O'Donnell

August 1996
"Disaggregating Political Regime: Conceptual Issues in the Study of Democratization"
Gerardo L. Munck

August 1996
"Democracy 'with Adjectives': Conceptual Innovations in Comparative Research"
David Collier and Steven Levitsky

September 1996
"Accountability for Past Abuses"
Juan E. Méndez
A version of this paper is forthcoming in the February 1997 issue of Human Rights Quarterly.

December 1996
"Ethnicity and Identity in the Caribbean: Decentering a Myth"
Ralph R. Premdas

March 1997
"Party Discipline in the Brazilian Constitutional Congress"
Scott Mainwaring and Aníbal Pérez-Liñán

March 1997
"Is the Third Wave of Democratization Over? An Empirical Assessment"
Larry Diamond

March 1997
"Is the Third Wave of Democratization Over? The Imperative of Consolidation"
Larry Diamond

April 1997
"Indigenous Politics and Democracy: Contesting Citizenship in Latin America"
Deborah J. Yasher

April 1997
"Macro Comparisons without the Pitfalls: A Protocol for Comparative Research"
J. Samuel Valenzuela

September 1997
"La Constitución de 1980 y el incio de la redemocratización en Chile"
J. Samuel Valenzuela
Now available in Crisis de representatividad y sistemas de partidos políticos, ed. Torcuato di Tella (Nuevo Hacer/Buenos Aires: Grupo Editor Latinamericano, 1998).

November 1997
"A Classification of Latin American Political Parties"
Michael Coppedge

November 1997
"Liberals, Radicals, and Women's Citizenship in Chile, 1872-1930"
Erika Maza Valenzuela
A Spanish version, "Liberales, radicales y la ciudadanía de la mujer en Chile: 1872-1930," is now available in Estudios Públicos 69 (summer, 1998).

January 1998
"Workshop on The Rule of Law and the Underprivileged in Latin America - A Rapporteurs' Report"
Gina Becker and Robert Patrick

January 1998
"La ley electoral de 1890 y la democratización del régimen pólitico chileno"
J. Samuel Valenzuela
Now available in Estudios Publicos 71 (winter, 1998).

February 1998
"Presidential Coups d'État and Regime Change in Latin America and Soviet Successor States: Lessons for Democratic Theory"
Maxwell Cameron

April 1998
"Why Liberalism? State, Church, and Party in Western Europe"
Andrew C. Gould

April 1998
"Horizontal Accountability and New Polyarchies"
Guillermo O'Donnell

May 1998
"Polyarchies and the (Un) Rule of Law in Latin America"
Guillermo O'Donnell

May 1998
"Life without the King: Centralists, Federalists, and Constitutional Monarchists in the Making of the Spanish American Republics, 1808-1830"
Iván Jaksic and Marcelo Leiras

June 1998
"Democratic Consolidation and Human Rights in Brazil"
Paulo Sergio Pinheiro
A Portuguese version of this paper has been published as the introduction to Democracia em pedaços: Direitos humanos no Brasil by Gilberto Dimenstein (São Paulo: Companhia das Letras, 1996).

September 1998
"Party Organization, Ideological Change, and Electoral Success: A Comparative Study of Postauthoritarian Parties"
Grigorii V. Golosov

October 1998
"Facets of Social Capital in New Democracies: The Formation and Consequences of Social Capital in Spain"
Mariano Torcal and José Ramón Montero

October 1998
"Rethinking Party Systems Theory in the Third Wave of Democratization: The Importance of Party System Institutionalization"
Scott Mainwaring

December 1998
"Regionalization, Globalization, and Nationalism: Convergent, Divergent, or Overlapping?"
Arie M. Kacowicz

February 1999
"The Catholic Church, Religious Pluralism, and Democracy in Brazil"
Kenneth P. Serbin
Now available in Democratic Brazil: Actors, Institutions, and Processes, ed. Peter R. Kingstone and Timothy J. Power (University of Pittsburgh Press, Pitt Latin American Series, 2000)

March 1999
"Conservative Parties, Democracy, and Economic Reform in Contemporary Brazil"
Scott Mainwaring, Rachel Meneguello, and Timothy Power

March 1999
"Class Relations and Democratization: A Reassessment of Barrington Moore's Model"
J. Samuel Valenzuela

March 1999
"Civil Wars, Revolutions and Counterrevolutions in Finland, Spain, and Greece (1918-1949): A Comparative Analysis"
Julián Casanova

May 1999
"Democratic Survivability in Latin America"
Scott Mainwaring

June 1999
"Venezuela: Conservative Representation without Conservative Parties"
Michael Coppedge

September 2002
"Reshaping State-Society Relations Democratization in Southern and Eastern Europe"
Rafael Durán

September 2002
"The Political Recrafting of Social Bases of Party Competition: Chile in the 1990s"
Mariano Torcal and Scott Mainwaring

September 2002
"Classifying Political Regimes in Latin America"
Scott Mainwaring, Daniel Brinks and Aníbal Pérez

September 2002
"The Impact of Election Administration on the Legitimacy of Emerging Democracies: A New Research Agenda"
Jorgen Elklit and Andrew Reynolds

September 2002
"La Derecha en el Chile Depués de Pinochet: El Caso de la Unión Democrata Independiente"
Carlos Huneeus

June 2001
"Non-Governmental Terrorism in Latin America: Re-Examining Old Assumptions"
Andreas Feldmann and Maiju Perälä

January 2002
"La Atomizacíon Partidista en Colombia: el Fenómeno de las Micro-empresas Electorales"
Eduardo Pizarro Leongómez

April 2002
"Experimentos de Democracia Interna: Las Primeras de Partidos en América Latina"
Manuel Alcántara Sáez

April 2002
"Venezuela: Popular Sovereignty versus Liberal Democracy"
Michael Coppedge

April 2002
"From 'Restricted' to 'Beseiged': The Changing Nature of the Limits to Democracy in Colombia"
Ana Maria Bejarano and Eduardo Pizarro Leongómez

May 2002
"Voter Inequality, Turnout and Information Effects in a Cross-National Perspective"
Gábor Tóka

September 2002
"Contradiction without Paradox: Evangelical Political Culture in the 1998 Venezuelan Elections"
David Smilde

December 2002
"Level of Development and Democracy: Latin American Exceptionalism, 1945-1996"
Mark P. Jones and Scott Mainwaring

September 2003
"Informal Institutions and Comparative Politics: A Research Agenda"
Gretchen Helmke and Steven Levitsky

October 2003
"Political Disaffection and Democratization: History in New Democracies"
Mariano Torcal

July 2004
"Does Lootable Wealth Breed Disorder? A Political Economy of Extraction Framework"
Richard Snyder

July 2004
"Myths of the Enemy: Castro, Cuba and Herbert L. Matthews of The New York Times"
Anthony DePalma

July 2004
"A Sequential Theory of Decentralization and its Effects on the Intergovernmental Balance of Power: Latin American Cases in Comparative Perspective"
Tulia G. Falleti

February 2005
"On the Continuing Relevance of the Weberian Methodological Perspective
(with Applications to the Spanish Case of Elections in the Aftermath of Terrorism)
Robert M. Fishman

April 2005
"Party System Institutionalization and Party System Theory After the Third Wave of Democratization"
Scott Mainwaring and Mariano Torcal

October 2005
"Language and Politics: on the Colombian 'Establishment'"
Eduardo Posada-Carbó

October 2005
"With Friends Like These: Protest Strategies and the Left in Brazil and Mexico"
Kathleen Bruhn

October 2005
"Why Regions of the World are Important: Regional Specificities and Region-Wide Diffusion of Democracy"
Scott Mainwaring and Aníbal Pérez-Liñán

March 2006
"Los Sistemas de Partidos en los Países Andinos, 1980–2005: Reformismo Institucional, Autoritarismos Competitivos y los Desafíos Actuales"
Martín Tanaka

August 2006
"Growth and Transformation of the Workers’ Party in Brazil, 1989–2002"
Wendy Hunter

October 2006
"Xenophobia Towards Palestinian Citizens of Israel Among Russian Immigrants in Israel: Heightened by Failure to Make Gains in a New Democratic Society"
Daphna Canetti-Nisim, Eran Halperin, Stevan E. Hobfoll, and Robert E. Johnson

November 2006
"Authoritarian Regimes: Stability, Change, and Pathways to Democracy, 1972–2003"
Axel Hadenius and Jan Teorell

December 2006
"Radical Democracy in the Andes: Indigenous Parties and the Quality of Democracy in Latin America"
Donna Lee Van Cott

February 2007
"Crony Capitalism and Democracy: Paradoxes of Electoral Competition in Russia's Regions"
Gulnaz Sharafutdinova

October 2007
"Drugs, Civil War, and the Conditional Impact of the Economy on Democracy"
Michael Coppedge, Angel Alvarez, and Lucas González

November 2007
"The Quality of Democracy in Latin America: Another View"
Daniel H. Levine and Jose E. Molina

November 2007
"The Quality of Democracy in Small South American Countries: The Case of Paraguay"
Diego Abente Brun

December 2007
"From Patronage to Program:  The Emergence of Party-Oriented Legislators in Brazil"
Frances Hagopian, Carlos Gervasoni, and Juan Andres Moraes

December 2007
"Creating Competition: Patronage Politics and the PRI’s Demise"
Kenneth F. Greene

April, 2008
"Democracy, Parties and Political Finance in Latin America"
Eduardo Posada-Carbó

April, 2008
"Democracy and Populism in Latin America"
Ignacio Walker

May, 2008
"Institutions and Politicians: An Analysis of the Factors that Determine Presidential Legislative Success"
Manuel Alcántara and Mercedes García Montero

August 2008
"The Durability of Constitutions in Changing Environments: Explaining Constitutional Replacements in Latin America"
Gabriel L. Negretto

August 2008
"Inequality, Institutions, and the Rule of Law: The Social and Institutional Bases of Rights"
Daniel M. Brinks

December 2008
"The Evolution of Authoritarian Organization in Russia under Yeltsin and Putin"
Lucan Ahmad Way

December 2008
"Political Crises and Democracy in Latin America Since the End of the Cold War"
Luis E. González

December 2008
"Regime Legacies and Democratization: Explaining Variance in the Level of Democracy in Latin America, 1978—2004"
Scott Mainwaring and Aníbal Pérez-Liñán

December 2008
"Understanding the Politics of Latin America’s Plural Lefts (Chávez/Lula): Social Democracy, Populism, And Convergence on the Path to a Post-Neoliberal World"
John D. French

May 2009
"Democratic Talk and the Democratic Walk: Superficial Versus Sincere Support for Illiterate Voting Rights in Lebanon"
Daniel Corstange

June 2009
"La Revocatoria de Mandato: Lecciones a Partir de la Experiencia Venezolana"
Miriam Kornblith

July 2009
"Political Solidarity, Cultural Survival, and the Institutional Design of Autonomy in Nicaragua: From Heterogenous, Multiethnic Spaces to National Homelands"
Juliet Hooker

July 2009
"The High and the Low in Politics: A Two-Dimensional Political Space for Comparative Analysis and Electoral Studies"
Pierre Ostiguy

October 2009
"Argentina’s Double Political Spectrum: Party System, Political Identities, and Strategies, 1944–2007"
Pierre Ostiguy

December 2009
"Institutionalizing Inequality: The Political Origins of Labor Codes in Latin America"
Matthew E. Carnes, SJ

December 2009
"Elections and the Origins of an Argentine Democratic Tradition, 1810–1880"
Eduardo Zimmerman

May 2010
"Exit During Crisis: How Openness, Migration, and Economic Crisis Affect Democratization"
Joseph Wright

July 2010
The Vote Share of New and Young Parties
Scott Mainwaring, Carlos Gervasoni, and Annabella España-Nájera

July 2010
How Presidents Legislate: Agenda Control and Policy Success in Costa Rica
Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer

Nina Wiesehomeier
July 2010
"The Meaning of Left-Right in Latin America: A Comparative View"

November 2010
"The Iron Cage of Democracy: Institutional Similarity and Stasis in African Political Party Systems"
Rachel Beatty Riedl

November 2010
Carlos Guevara Mann and Brittmarie Janson Pérez
"El Grito: Four Years of Female Clandestine Journalism Against the Military Dictatorship in Panama (1968–1972)""

Cecilia Martinez-Gallardo
January 2011
"Designing Cabinets: Presidential Politics and Cabinet Instability in Latin America"

Isabel de Assis Ribeiro de Oliveira
February 2011
"The Concept of the Common Good in the Iberian Renaissance"

Mariela Szwarcberg
July 2011
"The Microfoundations of Political Clientelism: Lessons from the Argentine Case"

Cas Mudde
and Cristóbal Rovira Kaltwasser
July 2011
"Voices of the Peoples: Populism in Europe and Latin America Compared"

Taylor C. Boas, F. Daniel Hidalgo and Neal P. Richardson
August 2011
" The Spoils of Victory: Campaign Donations and Government Contracts in Brazil"

J. Samuel Valenzuela
November 2011
"Transición por Redemocratización: El Frente Nacional Colombiano en una Reflexión Teórica y Comparativa"

Daniel Kselman
February 2012
"Electoral Personalism and Economic Policy"

Matthew C. Ingram
June 2012
"Networked Justice: Judges, the Diffusion of Ideas, and Legal Reform Movements in Mexico"

Manuel Alcántara
June 2012
"Elections in Latin America 2009–2011: A Comparative Analysis"

Eduardo Posada-Carbó
September 2012
"The Catholic Church, Elections and Democracy In Colombia, 1830–1930"

J. Samuel Valenzuela
December 2012
"From Town Assemblies to Representative Democracy: The Building of Electoral Institutions in Nineteenth-Century Chile"

Marta M. Assumpção-Rodrigues
February 2013
"Skill Formation, Governance, and Democracy in Brazil: The State of the Art of a Public Policy"

February 2013
"A Progressive Juristocracy? The Unexpected Social Activism of India’s Supreme Court"
Sanjay Ruparelia

José Antonio Aguilar Rivera
March 2013
"Great Expectations: Mexican Democracy and Its Discontents"

Nicholas Carnes and Noam Lupu
October 2013
"Rethinking the Comparative Perspective on Class and Representation: Evidence from Latin America"

Benjamin Junge
December 2013
"‘We Are Gaúchos, We Are Gaúchas...’ Incitements to Gendered and Regional Subjectivity in the 2002 Brazilian Election Campaigns"

Robert Person
February 2014
"Resisting Hegemony: Transformations of National Identity Under Foreign Occupation"

Tiffany D. Barnes
March 2014
"Women’s Representation and Legislative Committee Appointments: The Case of the Argentine Provinces"

Rodrigo Zarazaga
April 2014
"Vote-Buying and Asymmetric Information"

Svend-Erik Skaaning, John Gerring, and Henrikas Bartusevičius
June 2014
"A Lexical Index of Electoral Democracy"

David Altman
June 2014
"Strengthening Democratic Quality: Reactive Deliberation in the Context of Direct Democracy"

Sam Handlin
November 2014
"Xenophobia Towards Palestinian Citizens of Israel Among Russian Immigrants in Israel: Heightened by Failure to Make Gains in a New Democratic Society"

Fabrice Lehoucq
February 2015
"Democratization and Other Civil War Legacies in Central America"

Juan Andrés Moraes
March 2015
"The Electoral Basis of Ideological Polarization in Latin America"

Evelyne Huber, Jingjing Huo, and John D. Stephens
April 2015
"Power, Markets, and Top Income Shares"

Matthew C. Ingram and Marcelo Marchesini da Costa
May 2015
"Geographies of Violence: A Spatial Analysis of Five Types of Homicide in Brazil’s Municipalities"

Rossana Castiglioni
December 2015
"Building and Sustaining Social Protection: Cross-Class Coalitions, Elite Responses, and Party Politics in Chile and Uruguay (1900–1973)"

Andrea Pin
April 2016
"The Arab Road to Dignity: The Goal of the 'Arab Spring'"

James Loxton
June 2016
"Authoritarian Successor Parties Worldwide: A Framework for Analysis"

Bob Baulch
July 2016
"Explaining Catch-Up in Human Development: A Political Economy Comparison of the Philippines and Viet Nam Since 1986"

Sean T. Mitchell
October 2016
"Countdown to an Impasse: Expertise and the Mediation of Inequality at Brazil’s Alcântara Launch Center"

J. Samuel Valenzuela
, Nicolás M. Somma, and Timothy R. Scully, CSC
December 2016
Resilience and Change: The Party System in Redemocratized Chile

George Tsebelis
January 2017
"The Time Inconsistency of Long Constitutions: Evidence from the World"

Kristin Michelitch and Keith R. Weghorst
January 2017
"Islam, Christianity, and Attitudes Toward Women's Political Equality: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa"

Olukunle P. Owolabi
April 2017
"The Developmental Legacies of the Bifurcated Colonial State: Statistical Evidence from Sixty-Seven British, French, and Portuguese Colonies"

Matthew Singer
April 2017
Delegating Away Democracy: How Good Representation and Policy Successes Can Undermine Democratic Attitudes




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The Kellogg Institute promotes scholarship, learning, and linkages that address issues of critical importance to our world. At the center of our interdisciplinary community’s work are two key themes: democratization and human development. 

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